TECHNICAL PAPERS: Advanced Energy Systems

Numerical Simulation of Real-Gas Flow in a Supersonic Turbine Nozzle Ring

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Hoffren

Laboratory of Aerodynamics, Helsinki University of Technology, P.O. Box 4400, FIN-02105 HUT, Finland

T. Talonpoika, J. Larjola

Department of Energy Technology, Lappeenranta University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FIN-53850 Lappeenranta, Finland

T. Siikonen

Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics, Helsinki University of Technology, P.O. Box 4400, FIN-02105 HUT, Finland

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(2), 395-403 (Mar 26, 2002) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1423320 History: Received March 01, 2000; Revised March 01, 2000; Online March 26, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Hornnes, A., and Bolland, O., 1991, “Power Cycle Working Fluids,” SINTEF Report STF15 A91041, Trondheim.
Siikonen, T., and Pan, H., 1992, “Application of Roe’s Method for the Simulation of Viscous Flow in Turbomachinery,” Proceedings of the First European Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference, Ch. Hirsch et al., eds., Elsevier, New York, pp. 635–641.
Pitkänen, H. P., 1997, “The CFD Analysis of the Impeller and Vaneless Diffuser of an Industrial Water-Treatment Compressor,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, Dallas, TX, Nov. 16–21.
Honkatukia, J., 1996, private communication.
Larjola, J., and Nuutila, M., 1995, “District Heating Plant Converted to Produce Also Electric Power,” Paper 228 E, 27th Unichal Congress, Stockholm, June 12–14.
Larjola,  J., 1995, “Electricity from Industrial Waste Heat Using High-Speed Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC),” Int. J. Production Economics, 41, pp. 227–235.
Balje, O. E., 1981, Turbomachines: A Guide to Design, Selection and Theory, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Glassman, A. J., ed., 1975, “Turbine Design and Application,” Vol. 3, NASA SP-290.
Horlock, J. H., 1985, Axial Flow Turbines, R. E. Krieger, Malabar, FL.
Verneau, A., 1987, “Supersonic Turbines for Organic Fluid Rankine Cycles from 3 to 1300 kW, Small High Pressure Ratio Turbines,” von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Lecture Series 1987-07.
Talonpoika, T., 1994, “Modelling the Properties of Fluid in a Thermodynamic Cycle” (Termodynaamisen kiertoprosessin väliaineen aineominaisuuksien mallitus, in Finnish), Lappeenranta University of Technology, Research Report EN B-82, Lappeenranta.
Edmister, W. C., and Lee, B. I., 1984, Applied Hydrocarbon Thermodynamics, Vol. 1, 2nd Ed., Gulf Publ Comp., Houston, TX.
Goodwin,  R. D., 1989, “Toluene Thermophysical Properties From 178 to 800 K at Pressures to 1000 Bar,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 18, No. 4, pp. 1565–1636.
ESDU, 1974, “Thermodynamic Properties of Toluene,” ESDU Engineering Sciences Data Item Number 74024, Engineering Sciences Data Unit Ltd., London.
Siikonen,  T., 1995, “An Application of Roe’s Flux-Difference Splitting for k–ε Turbulence Model,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Fluids, 21, pp. 1017–1039.
Roe,  P. L., 1981, “Approximate Riemann Solvers, Parameter Vectors, and Difference Schemes,” J. Comput. Phys., 43, pp. 357–372.
Jameson,  A., and Yoon,  S., 1986, “Multigrid Solution of the Euler Equations Using Implicit Schemes,” AIAA J., 24, No. 11, pp. 1737–1743.
Kahaner, D., Moler, C., and Nash, S., 1988, Numerical Methods and Software, Prentice- Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Hoffren, J., 1997, “Adaptation of FINFLO for Real Gases,” Helsinki University of Technology, Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics, Report No. 102, Espoo.


Grahic Jump Location
Radial turbine design considered, shown by a coarse grid
Grahic Jump Location
Relations for the calculation of the specific enthalpy of the superheated vapor hg using the enthalpies of the saturated vapor hgs and the ideal gas vapor hId
Grahic Jump Location
The compressibility factor Zg is obtained by modifying a linear approximation for compressibility at temperature T/Tcr=5 with a correction ΔZ depending on the compressibility factor of the saturated vapor Zs
Grahic Jump Location
(a) The original definition array and (b) the formed regular computational array for pressure. The dashed line defines the envelope of the real physical data.
Grahic Jump Location
Grid for a passage between the turbine stator vanes. The flow is from lower left to upper right.
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Inflow and (b) outflow conditions of the turbine stator passage nondimensionalized by the throat values
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Mach number (b) density, (c) pressure, and (d) temperature distributions in the turbine stator. The nondimensional contour interval is 0.1 in the Mach plot, 0.01 in the density and pressure plots, and 0.02 in the temperature plot.



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In