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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels, and Cycle Innovations

Analysis Strategies for Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Based Hybrid Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
A. D. Rao, G. S. Samuelsen

National Fuel Cell Research Center, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(3), 503-509 (Jun 19, 2002) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1413462 History: Received November 01, 1999; Revised February 01, 2000; Online June 19, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Hirschenhofer, J. H. et al., 1950, Fuel Cell Handbook (Revision 3), U.S. Department of Energy (DE94004072), Jan.
Bevc, F. P., and Parker, W. G., 1995, “SureCell™ Integrated Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Power Plants for Distributed Power Applications,” PowerGen 1995, PennWell, Tulsa, OK.
Ferguson, J. R., 1989, “Heat and Mass Transfer Aspects of SOFC Assemblies and Systems,” IEA Natural Gas Fueled Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Systems, Proceedings of Charmey Workshop, July 2–6, Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Berne.
Haynes, C. L., 1999 “Simulation of Tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Behavior for Integration Into Gas Turbine Cycles,” Ph.D. thesis, Georgia Institute of Technolgy, July.
Bessette, N. F., 1994, “Modeling and Simulation for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Power Systems,” Ph. D. thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology.
Peng,  D., and Robinson,  D. B., 1976, “A New Two-Constant Equation of State,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam., 116, No. 1, pp. 59–64.
Schnackel,  H. C., 1958, “Formulations for the Thermodynamic Properties of Steam and Water,” Trans. ASME, 80, pp. 959–966.
Gas Research Institute Report, 1993, “Evaluation of Advanced Gas Turbine Cycles,” Report No. GRI-93/0250, Aug.
Spencer, R. C., et al., 1974, “A Method for Predicting the Performance of Steam Turbine-Generators,” General Electric Technical Bulletin GER–2007C, July.
El-Masri, M. A., and Pourkey, F., 1986, “Prediction of Cooling Flow Requirements for Advanced Utility Gas Turbines Part 1: Analysis and Scaling of the Effectiveness Curve,” presented at ASME Winter Annual Meeting.
Electric Power Research Institute Report, 1983, “Gas Turbine Evaluation (GATE) Computer Program,” Report No. AP-2871-CCM, Feb.
Kern, D. Q., 1950, Process Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill, New York, pp. 563–621.
Bessette, N. F., and George, R. A., 1996, Performance and Reliability of Westinghouse’s Air Electrode Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell at Atmospheric and Elevated Pressures, Mar., Denki Nagaku.

Figures

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Schematic representation of tubular SOFC stack (2)
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Cross section of an individual cell (1)
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SureCell™ system as proposed by Westinghouse (2)
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Comparison between predicted performance and Westinghouse values
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Performance of SOFC with CO versus H2 as fuel
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Effect of reforming the fuel within the cell
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Effect of pressure ratio on the performance of the SureCell™ hybrid cycle

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