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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Controls, Diagnostics, and Instrumentation

Dynamic Simulation of Full Startup Procedure of Heavy-Duty Gas Turbines

[+] Author and Article Information
J. H. Kim

Turbomachinery Department, Korea Aerospace Research Institute, Daejeon 305-600, Korea

T. W. Song

School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea

T. S. Kim

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Inha University, Inchon 402-751, Korea

S. T. Ro

School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(3), 510-516 (Jun 19, 2002) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1473150 History: Received December 01, 2000; Revised March 01, 2001; Online June 19, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Agrawal,  R. K., and Yunis,  M., 1982, “A Generalized Mathematical Model to Estimate Gas Turbine Starting Characteristics,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 104, pp. 194–201.
Saravanamuttoo,  H. I. H., and MacISAAC,  B. D., 1973, “The Use of a Hybrid Computer in the Optimization of Gas Turbine Control Parameters,” ASME J. Eng. Power, 95, pp. 257–264.
Kim,  J. H., Song,  T. W., Kim,  T. S., and Ro,  S. T., 2001, “Model Development and Simulation of Transient Behavior of Heavy Duty Gas Turbines,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 123, pp. 589–594.
Johnson, D., Miller, R. W., and Ashley, T., 1998, “SPEEDTRONIC™ MARK V Gas Turbine Control System,” GE Turbine State-of-the-Art Technology Seminar, GER 3658D, pp. 459–477.
Beyene, A., and Fredlund, T., 1998, “Comparative Analysis of Gas Turbine Engine Starting,” ASME Paper 98-GT-419.
Macdougal,  I., and Elder,  R. L., 1983, “Simulation of Centrifugal Compressor Transient Performance for Process Plant Applications,” ASME J. Eng. Power, 105, pp. 885–890.
Song,  T. W., Kim,  T. S., Kim,  J. H., and Ro,  S. T., 2001, “Performance Prediction of Axial Flow Compressors Using Stage Characteristics and Simultaneous Calculation of Interstage Parameters,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part A, Power Energy, 215, pp. 89–98.
Muir,  D. E., Saravanamuttoo,  H. I. H., and Marshall,  D. J., 1989, “Health Monitoring of Variable Geometry Gas Turbines for the Canadian Navy,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 111, pp. 244–250.
Klapproth,  J. F., 1958, discussion, “Effects of Stage Characteristics and Matching on Axial-Flow-Compressor Performance,” Trans. ASME, 80, pp. 1290–1291.
Kim,  T. S., and Ro,  S. T., 1997, “The Effect of Gas Turbine Coolant Modulation on the Part Load Performance of Combined Cycle Plants—Part1: Gas Turbine,” Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, Part A, 211, pp. 443–451.
Kim, J. H., Kim, T. S., Lee, J. S., and Ro, S. T., 1996, “Performance Analysis of a Turbine Stage Having Cooled Nozzle Blades With Trailing Edge Ejection,” ASME Paper 96-TA-12.
Benser, W. A., 1965, “Compressor Operation With One or More Blade Rows Stalled,” Aerodynamic Design of Axial-Flow Compressors, I. A. Johnsen and R. O. Bullock, eds., NASA SP-36, pp. 341–364.
Copenhaver,  W. W., 1993, “Rotating Stall Performance and Recoverability of a High-Speed 10-Stage Axial Flow Compressor,” J. Propul. Power, 9, pp. 282–291.
Walsh, P. P., and Fletcher, P., 1998, Gas Turbine Performance, 1st Ed., Blackwell Science Ltd., London.
Lindsay, D. H., 1995, The Design of Gas Turbine Engines—Thermodynamics and Aerodynamics, 2nd Ed., ASME, New York.
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Cohen, H., Rogers, G. F. C., and Saravanamuttoo, H. I. H., 1996, Gas Turbine Theory, 4th Ed., Longman Group Limited, London.
WESTINGHOUSE Power Generation Business Unit, 1994, 501F ECONOPAC Application Handbook.

Figures

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Extended stage characteristics; (a) pressure coefficient (model 1–front stages), (b) isentropic efficiency (model 1–front stages), (c) pressure coefficient (model 2–middle stages), (d) isentropic efficiency (model 2–middle stages), (e) pressure coefficient (model 3–rear stages), (f ) isentropic efficiency (model 3–rear stages)
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Variation in shaft speed during startup
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Schedule of fuel flow rate during startup
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Variations in turbine exhaust temperature during startup; (a) TET variation with % rpm, (b) TET variation with time
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Variation in developed power in low rpm region
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Variations in turbine and compressor efficiencies during startup
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Distribution of flow coefficient over the stages at various speed
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Variations in firing temperature and exhaust temperature during startup: effect of VIGV modulation; (a) firing temperature, (b) turbine exhaust temperature
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Variation in combustor inlet airflow during startup: effect of VIGV modulation
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Variation in first stage flow coefficient during startup: effect of VIGV modulation
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Operating lines during startup: effect of VIGV modulation

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