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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Heat Transfer

Evaluation of the Cross Corrugated and Some Other Candidate Heat Transfer Surfaces for Microturbine Recuperators

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Utriainen, B. Sundén

Division of Heat Transfer, Lund Institute of Technology, Box 118, 22100 Lund, Sweden

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(3), 550-560 (Jun 19, 2002) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1456093 History: Received July 01, 2000; Revised September 01, 2001; Online June 19, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

McDonald, C. F., 2000, “Low Cost Recuperator Concept For Microturbine Applications,” ASME Paper 2000-GT-167.
Oswald, J. I., Dawson, D. A., and Clawley, L. E., 1999, “A New Durable Gas Turbine Recuperator,” ASME Paper 99-GT-369.
Antoine, H., 1997, “Echangeur de Chaleur Spirale,” European Patent EP 0798527 B1.
Utriainen, E., and Sundén, B., 2001, “A Comparison of Some Heat Transfer Surfaces for Small Gas Turbine Recuperators,” ASME Paper 2001-GT-0474.
Webb, R. L., 1994, Principles of Enhanced Heat Transfer, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Jacobi,  A. M., and Shah,  R. K., 1995, “Heat Transfer Surface Enhancement Through the Use of Longitudinal Vortices: A Review of Recent Progress,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 11, pp. 295–309.
Savostin,  A. F., and Tikhonov,  A. M., 1970, “Investigation of the Characteristics of Plate-Type Heating Surfaces,” Teploenerg.,17, No. 9, pp. 75–78.
Kleeman, M., 1978, Auslegung Eines Neuartigen Kompakten Rekuperators, Doktor-Ingenieurs Genehmigte Dissertation, Technishen Hochschule Aachen.
Förster, S., and Kleeman, M., 1978, “Compact Metallic and Ceramic Recuperator for Gas Turbines,” ASME Paper 78-GT-62.
McDonald,  C. F., 2000, “Low Cost Primary Surface Recuperator for Microturbines,” Journal of Applied Thermal Engineering,29, pp. 471–497.
Stasiek,  J., Ciofalo,  M., and Collins,  M. W., 1996, “Investigation of Flow and Heat Transfer in Corrugated Passages—I. Experimental Results,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 39, No. 1, pp. 149–164.
Stasiek,  J. A., 1998, “Experimental Studies of Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Across Corrugated-Undulated Heat Exchanger Surfaces,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 41, Nos. 6–7, pp. 899–914.
Ciofalo, M., Collins, M. W., and Stasiek, J. A., 1998, “Flow and Heat Transfer Predictions in Flow Passages of Air Preheaters: Assessment of Alternative Modeling Approaches,” Computer Simulations in Compact Heat Exchangers, B. Sundén and M. Faghri, eds., Computational Mechanics Publications.
Utriainen, E., and Sundén, B., 2001, “Numerical Analysis of Laminar Flow in Corrugated Undulated Ducts,” Compact Heat Exchangers and Enhancement Technology for the Process Industries—2001, R. K. Shah, A. W. Deakin, H. Honda, and T. M. Rudy, eds., Begell House, New York.
Campbell,  J. F., and Rohsenow,  W. M., 1992, “Gas Turbine Regenerators: A Method for Selecting the Optimum Plate-Finned Surface Pair for Minimum Core Volume,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 35, No. 12, pp. 3441–3450.
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Manglik,  R. M., and Bergles,  A. E., 1995, “Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Correlations for the Rectangular Offset Strip Fin Compact Heat Exchanger,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 10, pp. 171–180.
Utriainen, E., and Sundén, B., 2001, “A Numerical Investigation of Primary Surface Rounded Cross Wavy Ducts,” Heat and Mass Transfer-Wärme- und Stoffubertragung, accepted for publication.
Manglik, R. M., 1996, “Plate Heat Exchangers for Process Industry Applications: Enhanced Thermal-Hydraulic Characteristics of Chevron Plates,” Enhanced and Multiphase Heat Transfer, R. M. Manglik and A. D. Kraus, eds., Begell House, New York, pp. 267–276.
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Figures

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Annular recuperator of plate-fin surface type (from Oswald 2)
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Annular recuperator of primary surface type (from McDonald 1)
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Nusselt numbers and Nusselt number least square fits versus Reynolds number for some representative heat transfer surfaces
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Friction factors and friction factor least-square fits versus Reynolds number for some representative heat transfer surfaces
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The cross corrugated (CC) surface
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The corrugated undulated (CU) surface (from Stasiek 12)
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The offset strip-fin surface
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The cross wavy (CW) surface
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Comparison of thermal performance in published literature for a CC surface with θ=60 deg and P/Hi≈4
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Comparison of hydraulic performance in published literature for a CC surface with θ=60 deg and P/Hi≈4
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Approximate occurrence of transition from laminar to turbulent flow, extracted from Thonon et al. 24
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The volume goodness diagram
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The area goodness diagram
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Volume of the recuperator core, using the CC4-60 surface, for different sizes of the hydraulic diameter
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Volume of the recuperator core, using the CC4-60 surface, for different total pressure drop in the matrix
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Results of design calculations, weight of recuperator matrix
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Cube-shaped recuperator concept
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Annular recuperator cartridge (from McDonald 1)
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Comparison of specific volume of some representative recuperators from present study with operating recuperators. (Diagram used with permission of C. F. McDonald, La Jolla, CA, USA.)
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Nonsymmetric CC surface passages to compensate for the mal distribution of pressure drop between gas and air sides
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Results of design calculations, volume of recuperator matrix

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