0
TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines

On Application of Nonlinear k-ε Models for Internal Combustion Engine Flows

[+] Author and Article Information
G. M. Bianchi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Diem–University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, Bologna 40136, Italy

G. Cantore, P. Parmeggiani

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Modena, Via Vignolese 905, Modena 41100, Italy

V. Michelassi

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Roma Tre, Via di tor Vergata, Rome 00100, Italy

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(3), 668-677 (Jun 19, 2002) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1454115 History: Received July 01, 1999; Revised August 01, 2001; Online June 19, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Arcoumanis,  C., Whitelaw,  J. H., Hentschel,  W., and Schindler,  K.-P., 1994, “Flow and Combustion in a Transparent 1.9 Liter Direct Injection Diesel Engine,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part D (J. Automob. Eng.), 208, pp. 191–205.
Bo, T., Clerides, D., Gosman, A. D., and Theodossopoulos, P., 1997, “Prediction of the Flow and Spray Processes in an Automobile DI Diesel Engine,” SAE Paper 970882.
Burgess, D. E., and O’Rourke P. J., 1993, “Modeling Turbulence in Flows With a Strong Rotational Component,” Los Alamos National Laboratory, Report No. LA-12552-MS.
Corcione, F. E., and Valentino, G., 1990, “Turbulence Length Scale Measurements by Two-Probe-Volume LDA Technique in a Diesel Engine,” SAE Paper 902080.
El-Thary,  S. H., and Haworth,  D. C., 1992, “Directions in Turbulence Modeling for In-Cylinder Flows in Reciprocating Engines,” J. Propul. Power, 8, No. 5, pp. 1040–1048.
Gosman, A. D., and Watkins, P., 1977, “A Computer Prediction Method for Turbulent Flow and Heat Transfer in Piston/Cylinder Assemblies,” Proceedings of a Symposium on Turbulent Shear Flows, Pennsylvania State University, pp. 5.23–5.30.
Celik, I., and Yavuz, I., 1997, “An Assessment of Turbulence Scales Relevant to IC Engines,” ASME Paper No. 97-ICE-5.
Arcoumanis, C., Whitelaw, J. H., Vafidis, C., and Hu, Z., 1990, “Tumbling Motion: A Mechanism for Turbulence Enhancement Spark Ignition Engines,” SAE Paper 900060.
Han, Z., Reitz, R. D., Corcione, F. E., and Valentino, G., 1996, “Interpretation of k-ε Computed Turbulence Length-Scale Prediction for Engine Flows,” Proceed. 26th. Symposium on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, pp. 2717–2723.
Borgnakke, C., and Xiao, Y., 1991, “Compressible Turbulence Predicted by Reynolds Stress Models,” SAE Paper 910260.
Burgess, D. E., and Amsden, A. A., 1993, “Modelling Turbulence in Flows With a Strong Rotational Component,” Los Alamos National Laboratory, Report No. LA-12552-MS.
Tanner, F. X., and Reitz, R. D., 1999, “Scaling Aspects of the Characteristic Time Combustion Model in the Simulation of Diesel Engine,” SAE Paper 1999-01-1175.
Morel, T., and Mansour, N. N., 1982, “Modeling of Turbulence in Internal Combustion Engines,” SAE Paper 820040.
Amsden, A. A., O’Rourke, P. J., and Butler, T. D., 1989, “KIVA 2: A Computer Program for Chemically Reactive Flows With Sprays,” Los Alamos National Labs, NTIS.
El-Tahry,  S. H., 1983, “k-ε Equation for Compressible Reciprocating Flows,” J. Energy, 7, No. 4.
Computational Dynamics Limited, 1998, “STAR-CD User Manual,” CD—Computational Dynamics Limited/Analysis and Design, London.
Wilcox, D. C., and Rubesin, M. W., 1980, “Progress in Turbulence Modeling for Complex Flow Fields Including Effects of Compressibility,” NASA Technical Paper 1517.
Bradshaw,  P. B., Launder,  E., and Lumley,  J., 1991, “Collaborative Testing of Turbulence Models,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 113, pp. 3–4.
Leschziner, M. A., 1997, “Turbulence Modelling for Complex Flows—Necessary and Avoidable Compromises,” Proceedings 7th Symposium on CFD, Beijing.
Ramos, J. I., 1989, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, Hemisphere, Washington, DC.
Bray,  K. N. C., , 1981, “Turbulence Production in Premixed Turbulent Films,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 25, pp. 127–140.
Moriyoshi,  Y., Kobayashi,  H., and Kamomoto,  T., 1989, “Experimental Evaluation of the Turbulence Model in Numerical Simulation of In-Cylinder Air Motion,” JSAE Rev., 10, No. 2.
Coleman,  G. N., and Mansour,  N. N., 1991, “Modeling the Rapid Spherical Compression of Isotropic Turbulence,” Phys. Fluids, 3, No. 9, pp. 2255–2259.
Hanjalic,  K., and Launder,  B. E., 1980, “Sensitizing the Dissipation Equation to Irrotational Strains,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 102, pp. 34–40.
Speziale,  C. G., 1987, “On Non-Linear k-l and k-ε Models of Turbulence,” J. Fluid Mech., 178, pp. 459–475.
Craft,  T. J., Launder,  B. E., and Suga,  K., 1996, “Development and Application of a Cubic Eddy-Viscosity Model of Turbulence,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 17, pp. 108–115.
Launder, B. E., and Spalding, D. B., 1972, Mathematical Models of Turbulence, Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Leschziner, M. A., 1998, “Advances in Modeling Physically Complex Flows With Anisotropy-Resolving Closure and Related Validation,” Proceedings of ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, Washington, DC, ASME, New York.
Rodi, W., 1987, “Turbulence Model for Practical Applications,” von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Lecture Series 1987-06.
Reynolds, W. C., 1980, “Modeling of Fluid Motions in Engines: An Introductory Overview,” Symposium on Combustion Modeling in Reciprocating Engines, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 131–155.
Durbin,  P. A., and Speziale,  C. G., 1991, “Local Anisotropy in Strained Turbulence at High Reynolds Numbers,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 113, pp. 707–709.
Pope,  S. B., 1975, “A More General Effective-Viscosity Hypothesis,” J. Fluid Mech., 72, Part 2, pp. 331–340.
Shi, T. H., and Zhu, J., 1995, “Calculations of Diffuser Flows With an Anisotropic k-ε model,” NASA ICOMP-95-21.
Lien W., Chen, W. L., and Leschziner, M. A., 1996, Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Measurements—3, 91 , Elsevier, New York.
Craft, T. J., Launder, B. E., and Suga, K., 1993, “Extending the Applicability of Eddy-Viscosity Model Through the Use of Deformation Invariant and Non-linear Elements,” Proc. 5th Symposium Refined Flow Modelling and Turbulence Measurements, p. 125.
Apsley, A. D., and Leschziner, M. A., 1997, “A New Low-Re Non-linear Two-Equation Turbulence Model for Complex Flows,” Proceedings 11th Symposium on Turbulent Shear Flows, Grenoble.
Gatski,  T. B., and Speziale,  C. G., 1993 “On Explicit Algebraic Stress Models for Complex Turbulent Flows,” J. Fluid Mech., 254, pp. 59–78.
Sarkar, S., and Speziale, C. G., 1997, “Nonlinear and Anisotropic Turbulence Models,” von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Lecture Series 1997-03.
Amsden, A. A., O’Rourke, P. J., and Butler, T. D., 1993, “Kiva- 3: A KIVA Program With Block-Structured Mesh for Complex Geometries,” Los Alamos National Labs, Report No. LA-12503-MS.
Vafidis, C., 1986, “Aerodynamics of Reciprocating Engines,” Ph.D. thesis, Imperial College of Science & Technology, Thermo-Fluids Section, London.
Bianchi, G. M., 1999, “Diesel-Spray Break-Up in Turbulent Flows,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Bologna, - Polytechnic of Bari, Bari, Italy.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
(Vafidis, 40): engine layout
Grahic Jump Location
Engine measurement locations
Grahic Jump Location
Initial velocity profile—mean velocity axial component on the symmetry plane—locations at 2 cm below cylinder head
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive relation on tumble ratio
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive relation on axial mean velocity profile at TDC–RT=0.1
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive relation on axial turbulence intensity at TDC–RT=0.1
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive relation on anisotropy levels prediction—location P3–RT=0.1
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive relation on mass averaged k–RT=0.1
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive relation on mass averaged ε–RT=0.1
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive relation on mass averaged k–RT=1.0
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive relation on mass averaged ε–RT=1.0
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive relation on anisotropy levels prediction—location P3–RT=1.0
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive relation on axial turbulence intensity at TDC–RT=1.0
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive relation on axial mean velocity profile at TDC
Grahic Jump Location
Mean flow structure on symmetry plane–10 c.a. deg BTDC–RT=1.0
Grahic Jump Location
Mean flow structure on a plane normal to cylinder axis and located 5 mm below cylinder head 10 c.a. deg BTDC–RT=1.0
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive nonlinear relationship on a11–10 c.a. deg BTDC–RT=1.0
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of constitutive nonlinear relationship on a33–10 c.a. deg BTDC–RT=1.0

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In