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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Nuclear Engineering

Dynamic Modeling of a Cogenerating Nuclear Gas Turbine Plant—Part I: Modeling and Validation

[+] Author and Article Information
J. F. Kikstra

NRG, P. O. Box 25, 1755 ZG Petten, The Netherlands   e-mail: J.F.Kikstra@nrg-nl.com

A. H. M. Verkooijen

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, P. O. Box 5073, 2600 AG Delft, The Netherlandse-mail: A.H.M.Verkooijen@iri.tudelft.nl

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(3), 725-733 (Jun 19, 2002) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1426086 History: Received October 01, 2000; Revised April 01, 2001; Online June 19, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

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Kikstra,  J. F., and Verkooijen,  A. H. M., 2000, “Conceptual Design for the Energy Conversion System of a Nuclear Gas Turbine Cogeneration Plant,” J. Energy Power,214, Part A, pp. 401–411.
Patankar, S. V., 1980, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Hemisphere, Washington, DC.
Verkerk, E. C., 2000, “Dynamics of the Pebble-Bed Nuclear Reactor in the Direct Brayton Cycle,” Ph.D. thesis, Delft University of Technology.
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Yan, X. L., 1990, “Dynamic Analysis and Control System Design for an Advanced Nuclear Gas Turbine Power Plant,” Ph.D. thesis, MIT, Cambridge, MA.
Wagner, W., and Kruse, A., 1998, Properties of Water and Steam, IAPWS-IF97, Springer, Berlin.
Gravdahl, J. T., and Egeland, O., 1999, Compressor Surge and Rotating Stall: Modeling and Control, Springer, London.
Greitzer,  E. M., 1976, “Surge and Rotating Stall in Axial Flow Compressors, Part I: Theoretical Compression System Model,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 98, pp. 190–198.
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Fox, R. M., and McDonald, A. T., 1994, Introduction to Fluid Dynamics, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
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Traupel, W., 1982, Thermische Turbomachinen, Springer, Berlin.
Schobeiri,  T., and Abouelkheir,  M., 1992, “Row-by-Row Off-Design Performance Calculation Method for Turbines,” AIAA J. Propul. Power,8, pp. 823–828.
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Pool, E. B., 1982, “Friction Area and Nozzle Area for Valves and Fittings as New All-Purpose Flow Parameters,” Lyons’ Valve Designer’s Handbook, J. L. Lyons, eds., Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
Kikstra, J. F., 2001, “Modelling, Design and Control of a Cogenerating Nuclear GasTurbine Plant,” Ph.D. thesis, Delft University of Technology.
Aspen Custom Modeler 10.1 User Manual, 1999, Cambridge MA.

Figures

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Flowpath divided in thermal node i−1,i and i+1 and flownodes j and j+1
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Velocity triangles in the radial compressor
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Incidence loss at impeller tip (dotted: design velocities, drawn: actual velocities)
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Dimensionless stage curves with extension for stall and backflow
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Compressor surge test configuration
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Compressor flow during classical surge (Vplenum=0.1 m3)
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Compressor flow during deep surge (Vplenum=10 m3)
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Velocity triangles in the turbine stage
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Efficiency comparison of simple and stage-by-stage model
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Mass flow comparison of simple and stage-by-stage model
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Heat exchanger discretization
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Response on temperature step
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Heat flow to recuperator steel
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Pressure flow relation of valve

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