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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Nuclear Engineering

Dynamic Modeling of a Cogenerating Nuclear Gas Turbine Plant—Part II: Dynamic Behavior and Control

[+] Author and Article Information
J. F. Kikstra

P.O. Box 25, 1755 ZG Petten, The Netherlandse-mail: J.F.Kikstra@nrg-nl.com

A. H. M. Verkooijen

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, P.O. Box 5073, 2600 GA Delft, The Netherlandse-mail: A.H.M. Verkooijen@iri.tudelft.nl

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(3), 734-743 (Jun 19, 2002) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1426087 History: Received October 01, 2000; Revised April 01, 2001; Online June 19, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Bardia, A., 1980, “Dynamics and Control Modeling of the Closed-Cycle Gas Turbine (GT-HTGR) Power Plant,” Proceedings of the Fourth Power Plant Dynamics, Control and Testing Symposium, E. M. Katz, ed., Mar., TN.
Yan, X. L., 1990, Dynamic Analysis and Control System Design for an Advanced Nuclear Gas Turbine Power Plant, Cambridge MA.
Op het Veld, R., and Buijtenen, J. P. van, 1998, “An Empirical Approach to the Preliminary Design of a Closed Cycle Gas Turbine,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-393.
Nakaoka, T., et al., 1996, “Evaluation of Fatigue Strength of Plate-Fin Heat Exchanger Under Thermal Loading,” Proceedings of the ASME International Conference on Pressure Vessel Technology, Vol. 1, ASME, New York.
Carter, P., et al., 1996, “Failure Analysis and Life Prediction of a Large, Complex Plate Fin Heat Exchanger,” Eng. Fail. Anal.,3 , No. 1.
Simon, W. A., Neylan, A. J., and Silady, F. A., 1993, “Design Features of the Gas Turbine Modular Helium Reactor (GT-MHR),” Technical Report GA-A21351, General Atomics, San Diego, CA.
Adams, R., 1994, Adams Atomic Engines, Inc., U.S. Patent number 5,309,492.
Stephanopoulos, G., 1984, Chemical Process Control: An Introduction to Theory and Practice, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Maciejowski, J. M., 1989, Multivariable Feedback Design, Addison-Wesley, Wokingham, UK.
Zee, G. A. van, and Bosgra, O. H., 1979, “The Use of Realization Theory in the Robust Identification of Multivariable Systems,” Proceedings of the Fifth IFAC Symposium on Identification and Parameter Estimation, Darmstadt, Germany.

Figures

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Response on “unit” step of manipulated variables under normal operating conditions * bypass valve two +1 percent, ▾ bypass valve three +1 percent, ▴ blower +10 percent, • attemperation valve +30 percent, ★ feedwater pump +10 percent, ▪ deaerator valve +40 percent, ♦ cooling valve +20 percent
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Response to step on blower speed, drawn: at normal operating conditions (point 1), dotted: at operating point 2, dashed: at operating point 3
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Response to step on cooling water valve position, drawn: at normal operating conditions (point 1), dotted: at operating point 2, dashed: at operating point 3
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Dynamic relative gain analysis, * bypass valve 2, ▾ bypass valve 3, ▴ blower, • attemperation valve, ★ feedwater pump, ▪ deaerator valve, ♦ cooling valve
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Control structure of the ACACIA plant
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Results of ACACIA control system test transient
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Optimal operating conditions for different heat and power demands
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Effect on shaft speeds of large and small load reduction
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Load rejection with choked turbomachinery
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Controlled variables and possible manipulated variables
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Shaft speed response on different control actions
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Recuperator temperature profile response on different control actions, dotted: profile before transient, drawn: after transient
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Heat flow response on diff. control actions, upper: heat to primary system in reactor, lower: heat to secondary system

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