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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Coal, Biomass, and Alternative Fuels

Performance Analysis of Evaporative Biomass Air Turbine Cycle With Gasification for Topping Combustion

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Wolf, F. Barone, J. Yan

Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology/Energy Processes, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(4), 757-761 (Sep 24, 2002) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1492834 History: Received December 01, 2000; Revised March 01, 2001; Online September 24, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

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Energikommissionen, 1995, “Omställning av energi-systemet—Slutbetänkande av Energikommissionen,” SOU 1995:139, Stockholm, Sweden.
Energimydigheten, 1999, “Energy in Sweden 1999,” Swedish National Energy Administration, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
Wahlund, B., Yan, J., and Westermark, M., 2000, “Comparative Assessment of Biofuel-Based Combined Heat and Power Generation Plants in Sweden,” 1st World Conference on Biomass for Energy and Industry, Sevilla, Spain, June 5–9.
Yan,  J., and Eidensten,  L., 2000, “Status and Perspective of Externally Fired Gas Turbines,” J. Propul. Power, 16(4), pp. 572–575.
Yan, J., Eidensten, L., and Svedberg, G., 1994, “Performance Evaluation of Biomass Externally Fired Evaporative Gas Turbine System,” IGTI-Vol. 9, ASME Cogen-Turbo, ASME, New York, pp. 663–671.
Yan, J., Eidensten, L., and Svedberg, G., 1995, “An Investigation of the Heat Recovery System in Externally Fired Evaporative Gas Turbines,” International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition, Houston, TX, June 5–8.
Yan, J., Eidensten, L., and Svedberg, G., 1996, “Externally Fired Evaporative Gas Turbine with a Condensing Heat Exchanger,” International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition, Birmingham, UK, June 10–13.
Wolf, I., and Yan, J., 2000, “Simulation of Steam-Based Gasification Processes for Topping Combustion in the Biomass Air Turbine (BAT) Cycle,” International Gas Turbine & Aeroengine Congress & Exhibition, Munich, Germany, May 8–11.
Barone, F., 2000, “Integration of Biomass Air Turbine and Evaporative Gas Turbine with Gasification for Topping Combustion,” MS thesis, Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Energy Processes, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Foster-Pegg,  R. W., 1990, “A Small Air Turbine Power Plant Fired With Coal in an Atmospheric Fluid Bed,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 112, pp. 21–27.
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Wolf, J., 1999, “Simulation of a Steam-Based Gasification Process for Top Firing in Externally Fired Gas Turbine Systems,” Master of Science thesis (Diplomarbeit), Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Energy Processes, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Williams,  P. T., and Besler,  S., 1996, “The Influence of Temperature and Heating Rate on the Slow Pyrolysis of Biomass,” Renewable Energy, 7, pp. 233–250.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
The system without the gasification unit: GT=gas turbine, SFC=solid fuel combustion (biomass), HR=heat recovery (Yan et al. 8)
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Flow sheet of the EvGT-BAT process integrated with gasification
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Comparison of efficiencies between the reference system with natural gas as additional fuel (NG) and the EvGT-BAT system with an integrated gasification (Syngas) and its modification to improve the heat recovery (HRx)
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Efficiency improvements when drying the biomass feedstock. 1=only the biomass for the gasification process is dried; 2=all biomass is dried; 3=reference system with natural gas and no drying; 4=reference system with natural gas when all biomass is dried.
Grahic Jump Location
Biomass flow rate into the furnace (SFC) and the gasifier and the resulting efficiency versus HTHx operation temperature (TIT constant at 1100°C)
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Comparison between the theoretic dimension of a gasifier in EvGT-BAT at different HTHx temperature with a comparable gasifier in IGCC

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