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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Cycle Innovations, and Combustion and Fuels

A Hybrid System Based on a Personal Turbine (5 kW) and a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Stack: A Flexible and High Efficiency Energy Concept for the Distributed Power Market

[+] Author and Article Information
L. Magistri

TPG-DIMSET, Università di Genova, Via Montallegro 1, Genova 16145, Italy

P. Costamagna

TPG-DICheP, Università di Genova, Via Montallegro 1, Genova 16145, Italy

A. F. Massardo

TPG-DIMSET, Università di Genova, Via Montallegro 1, Genova 16134, Italy

C. Rodgers

ITC, 3010 N. Arroyo Drive, San Diego, CA 92103

C. F. McDonald

McDonald Thermal Engineering, 1730 Castellana Road, La Jolla, CA 92037

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(4), 850-857 (Sep 24, 2002) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1473825 History: Received December 01, 2000; Revised March 01, 2001; Online September 24, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Rodgers, C., 2000, “25–5 kW Microturbine Design Aspects,” ASME Paper 00-GT-626.
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Costamagna,  P., Arato,  E., Antonucci,  P. L., and Antonucci,  V., 1996, “Partial Oxidation of CH4 in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Simulation Model of the Electrochemical Reactor and Experimental Validation,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 51(11), pp. 3013–3018.
Costamagna,  P., and Honnegger,  K. 1998, “Modeling of Solid Oxide Heat Exchanger Integrated Stacks and Simulation at High Fuel Utilization,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 145(11), pp. 3995–4007.
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Massardo, A. F., Costamagna, P., and Magistri, L. 2000, “Techno Economical Analysis of SOFC Reactor Gas Turbine Combined Plants,” IEA Topical Meeting, Ystad, Sept.
Massardo,  A. F., and Lubelli,  F. 2000, “Internal Reforming Solid Oxide Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Combined Cycles: Part A,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 122, pp. 1–27.
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Figures

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Simplified layout of the hybrid plant (personal turbine and solid oxide fuel cell), and design point data
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Design and part-load performance of a hybrid system based on a solid oxide fuel cell reactor and a personal turbine (personal turbine-fixed speed control system)
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Hybrid plant inefficiencies versus nondimensional power (personal turbine variable speed control system)
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Fuel cell efficiency versus nondimensional power in the hybrid system configuration (personal turbine speed control system)
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Personal turbine: (a) microturbine configuration, (b) hybrid system configuration
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Flow schematic of hybrid microturbine/fuel-cell power plant (Massardo et al. 2)
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Personal turbine simplified layout
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Simplified tubular solid oxide fuel cell (M: mixing, R: sensible heat reforming, FC: fuel cell, C: combustion, P: air preheater)

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