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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Cycle Innovations, and Combustion and Fuels

Efficiency Upgrading of an Ambient Pressure Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Plant Through the Introduction of an Indirect Heated Gas Turbine

[+] Author and Article Information
P. Lunghi, S. Ubertini

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università di Perugia, Via G. Duranti 1A/4, 06125 Perugia, Italy

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 124(4), 858-866 (Sep 24, 2002) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1492839 History: Received December 01, 2000; Revised March 01, 2001; Online September 24, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

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Ito, K., Gamou, S., and Yokoyama, R., 1997, “Optimal Unit Sizing of Fuel Cell Cogeneration Systems in Consideration of Performance Degradation,” Proceedings of Flowers ’97, Florence World Energy Research Symposium, Florence, Italy.
Lobachyov, K. V. and Richter, H. J., 1997, “Performance and Economics of Advanced Integrated Biomass Gasification Carbonate Fuel Cell Power Systems,” Proceedings of Flowers’ 97, Florence World Energy Research Symposium, Florence, Italy.
Layne, A., et al., 2000, “Hybrid Heat Engines: The Power Generation Systems of the Future,” ASME Paper No. 2000-GT-0549.
Randall, G., et al., “Development of Dynamic Modeling Tools for Solide Oxide and Molten Carbonate Hybrid Fuel Gas Turbine Systems,” ASME Paper No. 2000-GT-554.
Massardo, A., and Bosio, B., 2000, “Assessment of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Models and Integration With Gas and Steam Cycles,” ASME Paper No. 2000-GT-174.
Lunghi,  P., Ubertini,  S., and Desideri,  U., 2000, “Highly Efficienty Electricity Generation Through a Hybrid Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell-Close Loop Gas Turbine Plant,” Energy Convers. & Manage., 42(14), pp. 1657–1672.
Leo, A., et al., 2000, “Ultra High Efficiency Hybrid Direct Fuel Cell/Turbine Power Plant,” ASME Paper No. 2000-GT-0552.
Faroogue, M., 1993, “MCFC Power Plant System Verification,” Proceedings of FE Fuel Cells and Coal-Fired Heat Engines Conference, Library Binding, US DOE/METC, Aug. 3–5.
Braun,  R. J., Gaggioli,  R. A., and Dunbar,  W. R., 1999, “Improvements of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Power Plant via Exergy Analysis,” Energy Resource Technol., 121, pp. 277–285.
Desideri, U., Lunghi, P., and Ubertini, S., 2000, “Thermodynamic Analysis of a Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell System Using Waste Derived Fuel Gas,” ASME IMECE, Orlando, Florida, Nov. 5–10.
Hirchenhofer, J. H., et al., 1998, Fuel Cell Handbook, 4th Ed., Persons Corp., Reading, PA.
Redlich,  O., and Kwong,  J. N. S., 1979, “On the Thermodynamics of Solutions V. An Equation-of-State. Fugacities of Gaseous Solutions,” Chem. Rev., 44, pp. 223–244.
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Figures

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Molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC)
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Demonstration power plant diagram
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Gas turbine (GT) power output and specific work
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Gas turbine (GT) power output versus specific work
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Internal regeneration as a function of β
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Steam generation as a function of β
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Steam injected gas turbine (STIG) power output and specific work
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Steam injected gas turbine (STIG) power output versus specific work
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Power output and specific work comparisons

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