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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

Studies of Jet Fuel Freezing by Differential Scanning Calorimetry and Cold-Stage Microscopy

[+] Author and Article Information
N. Widmor, J. S. Ervin, S. Zabarnick, M. Vangness

Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Dayton, 300 College Park, Dayton, OH 45469-0210

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(1), 34-39 (Dec 27, 2002) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1492836 History: Received December 01, 2000; Revised March 01, 2001; Online December 27, 2002
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Ervin,  J. S., Zabarnick,  S., Binns,  E., Dieterle,  G., Davis,  D., and Obringer,  C., 1999, “Investigation of the Use of JP-8+100 With Cold Flow Enhancer Additives as a Low-Cost Replacement for JPTS,” Energy Fuels, 13, pp. 1246–1251.
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Zabarnick,  S., and Widmor,  N., 2001, “Studies of Jet Fuel Freezing By Differential Scanning Calorimetry,” Energy & Fuels, 15, pp. 1447–1453.
Hammami,  A., and Mehrotra,  A. K., 1996, “Non-Isothermal Crystallization Kinetics of Binary Mixtures on N-Alkanes: Ideal Eutectic and Isomorphous Systems,” Fuel, 75, pp. 500–508.
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Atkins,  D., and Ervin,  J. S., 2001, “Freezing of Jet Fuel Within a Buoyancy-Driven Flow in a Rectangular Optical Cell,” Energy & Fuels, 15, pp. 1233–1240.

Figures

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Jet A (F3219) exotherm measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at a 1.0 K/min cooling rate. Indicated locations along the curve correspond to images of Fig. 2.
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Images of fuel crystals forming using cold-stage microscopy with a cooling rate of 1.0 K/min. (a) and (b) correspond to points on the curve of Fig. 1 (magnification 40×).
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Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements for three fuel samples at a cooling rate of 1 K/min
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Predicted and measured relative freezing fraction for JPTS (F3775) with different cooling rates
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Predicted and measured relative freezing fraction for Jet A (F3219) with different cooling rates
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Measured specific heats for neat Jet A fuel (F3219) and different cooling rates
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Measured specific heats for additized Jet A fuel (F3219) and different cooling rates
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Images of crystals forming from Jet A containing additive 3607 using cold-stage microscopy with a cooling rate of 1.0 K/min (magnification 40×)

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