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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Cycle Innovations, and Combustion and Fuels

Internal Reforming Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Gas Turbine Combined Cycles (IRSOFC-GT)—Part II: Exergy and Thermoeconomic Analyses

[+] Author and Article Information
A. F. Massardo

Thermochemical Power Group (TPG), Dip. di Macchine, Sistemi Energetici e Trasporti, Universita di Genova, Via Montallegro 1, 16145 Genova, Italy

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(1), 67-74 (Dec 27, 2002) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1492837 History: Received December 01, 2000; Revised March 01, 2001; Online December 27, 2002
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Massardo,  A. F., and Lubelli,  F., 2000, “Internal Reforming Solid Oxide Fuel Cell—Gas Turbine Combined Cycles (IRSOFC-GT).—Part I: Cell Model and Cycle Thermodynamic Analysis,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 122, pp. 27–35.
Agazzani, A., Massardo, A. F., and Satta, A., 1995, “Thermoeconomic Analysis of Complex Steam Plants,” ASME Paper No. 95-CPT-038.
Agazzani,  A., and Massardo,  A. F., 1997, “A Tool for Thermoeconomic Analysis and Optimization of Gas, Steam and Combined Plants,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 119, pp. 885–892.
Agazzani,  A., Frangopoulos,  C., and Massardo,  A. F., 1998, “Environmental Influence on the Thermoeconomic Optimization of a Combined Plant With Nox Abatement,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 120, pp. 557–565.
Massardo,  A. F., and Scialo,  M., 2000, “Thermoeconomic Analysis of Gas Turbine Based Cycles,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 122, pp. 664–671.
Traverso,  A., and Massardo,  A. F., 2002, “Thermoeconomic Analysis of Mixed Gas-Steam Cycles,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 22, pp. 1–21.
Itoh, I., Mori, M., Mori, N., and Abe, T., 1994, “Production Cost Estimation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” J. Power Sources, 49 .
Krist, K., Wright, D., Romeo, C., and Chen, T. P., 1996, “Cost Projections for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems,” 1996 Fuel Cell Seminary, Orlando FL, Nov., pp. 497–500.
Stephenson, D., and Ritchey, I., 1997, “Parametric Study of Fuel Cell Gas Turbine Combined Cycle Performance” ASME Paper No. 97-GT-340.
Costamagna, P., 1998, “private communication,” Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
Hoffman M., 1999, “private communication,” University of California, Davis, CA.
Pietsch T., 1998, “private communication,” Rolls Royce Eng., Advanced Centre, Derby, UK.
Massardo, A. F., and Magistri L., 1999, “Thermoeconomic and Environomic Analysis of SOFC Combined Cycles,” DIMSET TN 1/99, University of Genoa (in Italian).
Massardo, A., Santarelli, M., and Borchiellini, R., “Carbon Exergy Tax (CET): Impact on Conventional Energy Systems Design and Its Contribution to Advanced Systems Utilisation,” ECOS 2000, Twentee, NL, pp. 139–156.
Borchiellini, R., Massardo, A. F., and Santarclli, M., 1999, “Carbon Tax vs. CO2 Effects on Environomic Analysis of Existing Power Plants,” Proceedings ECOS ’99, June 8–10, Tokyo, pp. 287–293.

Figures

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Irreversibility rate (%) distribution for the FCGT3 layout
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Irreversibility rate (%) distribution for the FCGT4 layout
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FCGT4 layout irreversibility rate versus plant pressure and ER operative conditions
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Second-law efficiency versus pressure ratio (FCGT3 and FCGT2)
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Functional production diagram of the FCGT1 configuration
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Functional productive diagram for the FCGT2 configuration
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Functional productive diagram of the FCGT3 configuration
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Functional productive diagram for the FCGT4 configuration
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(a) Specific production cost versus specific power (TRAD.=traditional), (b) proposed equation for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) specific cost evaluation
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Cost of electricity (COE) for the FCGT1 configuration
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Cost of electricity (COE) for the FCGT2 configuration
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Cost of electricity (COE) for the FCGT3 configuration
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Cost of electricity (COE) for the FCGT4 configuration
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Cost of electricity (COE) versus system efficiency (K1=1833)
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Cost of electricity (COE) versus system specific work (K1=1833)
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Cost of electricity (COE) versus power ratio (cell/total, K1=1833)
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Irreversibility rate distribution (%) for the FCGT1 layout
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Irreversibility rate distribution (%) for the FCGT2 layout
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FCGT1 layout irreversibility rates versus plant pressure and ER operative conditions
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FCGT2 layout irreversibility rates versus plant pressure and ER operative conditions
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Second-law efficiency versus pressure ratio (FCGT1 and FCGT2 plant)
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FCGT3 layout irreversibility rate versus plant pressure and ER operative conditions

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