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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Aircraft Engine

Application of Pulse Detonation Combustion to Turbofan Engines

[+] Author and Article Information
M. A. Mawid, T. W. Park

Engineering Research and Analysis Company, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433

B. Sekar, C. Arana

Turbine Engine Division, Propulsion Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(1), 270-283 (Dec 27, 2002) (14 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1494098 History: Received December 01, 2000; Revised March 01, 2001; Online December 27, 2002
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Lynch, E. D., Edelman, R. B., and Palaniswamy, S., 1992, “Computational Fluid Dynamic Analysis of the Pulse Detonation Engine Concept,” AIAA Paper No. 92-0264.
Eidelman, S., Grossmann, W., and Lottati, I., 1990, “Computational Analysis of Pulsed Detonation Engines and Applications,” AIAA Paper No. 90-0460.
Eidelman, S., Grossmann, W., and Lottati, I., 1990, “Air-Breathing Pulsed Detonation Engine Concept: A Numerical Study,” AIAA Paper No. 90-2420.
Eidelman, S., and Grossmann, W., 1992, “Pulsed Detonation Engine Experimental and Theoretical Review,” AIAA Paper No. 92-3168.
Eidelman, S., Grossmann, W., and Lottati, I., 1989, “A Review of Propulsion Applications of the Pulsed Detonation Engine Concept,” AIAA Paper No. 89-2446.
Cambier, J. L, and Adelman, H. G., 1988, “Preliminary Numerical Simulations of a Pulsed Detonation Wave Engine,” AIAA Paper No. 88-2960.
Bussing, T. R. A., and Pappas, G., 1994, “An Introduction to Pulse Detonation Engines,” AIAA Paper No. 94-0263.
Bussing, T. R. A., Hinkey, J. B., and Kaye, L., 1994, “Pulse Detonation Engine Preliminary Design Considerations,” AIAA Paper No. 94-3220.
Bratkovich, T. E., and Bussing, T. R. A., 1995, “A Pulse Detonation Engine Performance Model,” AIAA Paper No. 95-3155.
Mawid, M. A., Park, T. W., and Sekar, B., 1999, “Numerical Analysis of Pulse Detonation Engines Using Global and Reduced Hydrocarbon Kinetics,” AIAA Paper No. 99-4901.
Cambier, J.-L., 1999, “Preliminary Modeling of Pulse Detonation Rocket Engines,” AIAA Paper No. 99-2659.
Sekar, B., Palaniswamy, S., Peroomian, O., and Chakravarthy, S., 1998, “A Numerical Study of the Pulse Detonation Wave Engine with Hydrocarbon Fuels,” AIAA Paper No. 98-3880.
Lynch, E. D., Edelman, and Palaniswamy, C., 1994, “Computational Fluid Dynamic Analysis of the Pulse Detonation Engine Concept,” AIAA Paper No. 94-0264.
Westbrook,  C. K., and Pitz,  W., 1984, “A Comprehensive Chemical Kinetic Reaction Mechanism for the Oxidation and Pyrolysis of Propane and Propene,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 37, pp. 117–152.
Talley, D., and Schauer, F., 1999, “Overview of Pulse Detonated Engines (Air Force),” invited paper at 49th JANNAF Propulsion Meeting, Tucson, AZ.
Schauer, F., Stutrud, J., and Bradley, R., 1999, “AFRL’s In-House Research Pulse Detonation Engine,” invited paper at 11th PERC Symposium, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 1999.
Computational Dynamics Limited, 1999, STAR-CD Manuals, Version 3.1.
Kailasanath, K., Patnaik, G., and Li, C., 1999, “Computational Studies of Pulse Detonation Engines: A Status Report,” AIAA Paper No. 99-2634.

Figures

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Standard afterburning turbofan configuration
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Pulse detonation turbofan configuration
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Side view of bypass duct sector arrangement
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Computed pressure-time history at the thrust wall for H2-air single tube experiment
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Computed temperature-time history at the thrust wall for H2-air single tube experiment
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Computed pressure-time history at the thrust wall for H2-air single tube experiment
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Computational grid system of the pulse detonative sector with dump tank
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Pressure-time history at the thrust wall
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Temperature-time history at the thrust wall
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Thrust versus cycle frequency for the bypass pulse-detonation duct
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SFC versus cycle frequency for the bypass pulse-detonation duct
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Specific thrust versus cycle frequency for the bypass pulse-detonation duct
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Total thrust versus frequency for the pulse-detonation turbofan and the conventional turbofan with an afterburner
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Total SFC versus frequency for the pulse-detonation turbofan and the conventional turbofan with an afterburner
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Total specific thrust versus frequency for the pulse-detonation turbofan and the conventional turbofan with an afterburner
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Pressure-time history at the thrust wall for the fuel-lean, stoichiometric, and fuel-rich cases
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Temperature-time history at the thrust wall for fuel-lean, stoichiometric, and fuel-rich cases
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Thrust versus initial mixture equivalence ratio
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SFC versus initial mixing equivalence ratio
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Specific thrust versus initial mixture equivalence ratio
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Pressure-time history at the thrust wall for complete and partial filling of the bypass sector
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Thrust versus bypass sector filling percentage
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SFC versus bypass sector filling percentage for different cycle frequencies
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Specific thrust versus bypass sector filling percentage

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