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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Spark Ignition Engine Combustion

Modeling the Initial Growth of the Plasma and Flame Kernel in SI Engines

[+] Author and Article Information
H. Willems, R. Sierens

Laboratory of Transporttechnology, Ghent University, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 41, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(2), 479-484 (Apr 29, 2003) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1501912 History: Received May 01, 2001; Revised February 01, 2002; Online April 29, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Willems, H., and Sierens, R., 1999, “Modeling the Initial Phases of Ignition in S.I. Engines,” ASME Paper No. 99-ICE-168.
Pischinger, S., 1989, “Effects of Spark Plug Design Parameters on Ignition and Flame Development in an SI-Engine,’' Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, MA.
Shen, H., Hinze, P. and Heywood, J., 1994, “A Model for Flame Initiation and Early Development in SI Engine and Its Application to Cycle-to-Cycle Variations,” SAE Paper No 942049.
Vandevoorde, M., 1998, “Model voor de Thermodynamische en Gasdynamische Cyclus van Drukgevulde Gasmotoren,” Ph.D. Thesis, Universiteit Gent, Belgium.
Herweg, R., and Maly, R., 1992, “A Fundamental Model for Flame Kernel Formation in S.I. Engines,” SAE Paper No. 922243.
Bray,  K., 1990, “Studies of the Turbulent Burning Velocity,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 431, pp. 315–335.
Willems, H., 2000, “Model voor de Initiële Plasma- en Vlamgroei in Vonkontstekingsmotoren,” Ph.D. thesis, Universiteit Gent, Belgium.
Metghalchi,  M., and Keck,  J., 1982, “Burning Velocities of Mixtures of Air with Methanol, Isooctane, and Indolene at High Pressure and Temperature,” Combust. Flame 48, pp. 191–210.
Law, C., 1988, “Dynamics of Stretched Flames,” Twenty-Second Symposium (International) on Combustion, The C Combustion Institute, pp. 1381–1402.
Williams, F., 1985, Combustion Theory, The Fundamental Theory of Chemically Reacting Flow Systems, 2nd Ed., Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
Tabaczynski, R., Ferguson, C., and Radhakrishnan, K., 1977, “A Turbulent Entrainment Model for Spark-Ignition Engine Combustion,” SAE Paper No. 770647.
Ferguson, C., and Keck, J., 1977, “On Laminar Flame Quenching and Its Application to Spark Ignition Engines,” Combustion and Flame, 28 , pp. 197–205.
van Maaren, A., 1994, “One-step Chemical Reaction Parameters for Premixed Laminar Flames,” Ph.D. thesis, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Holland.
Gatowski,  J., Heywood,  J., and Deleplace,  C., 1984, “FlamePhotographs in a Spark-Ignition Engine,” Combust. Flame 56, pp. 71–81.
Namazian, M., Hansen, S., Lyford-Pike, E., Sanchez-Barsse, J., Heywood, J., and Rife, J., 1980, “Schlieren Visualization of the Flow and Density Fields in the Cylinder of a Spark-Ignition Engine,” SAE Paper No. 80044.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Thermodynamic model of the flame kernel during the initial combustion phase
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Evolution of the radius and the expansion velocity of the flame kernel with time for working conditions MIT2te
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Comparison between experimental and simulated flame growth for the first working conditions
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison between experimental and simulated flame growth for the second working conditions

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