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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Spark Ignition Engine Combustion

An Investigation of Flame Expansion Speed With a Strong Swirl Motion Using High-Speed Visualization

[+] Author and Article Information
S. H. Joo

P/T Test and Development Team, Power Train Division, Technical Center, Daewoo Motor Co., Ltd., 199 Cheongcheon-dong, Bupyung-gu, Incheon 403-714, Koreae-mail: shjoo@bama.ua.edu

K. M. Chun

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yonsei University, 134 Shinchon-Dong, Seodaemoon-gu, Seoul 120-749, Koreae-mail: kmchun@yonsei.ac.kr

Y. Shin

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sejong University, 98 Kunja-dong, Kwangjin-gu, Seoul 143-747, Koreae-mail: ygshin@sejong.ac.kr

K. C. Lee

Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Alabama, 180 Hardaway Hall, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487e-mail: klee@bama.ua.edu

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(2), 485-493 (Apr 29, 2003) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1564067 History: Received March 01, 2001; Revised June 01, 2002; Online April 29, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Arcoumanis, C., Hu, Z., Vafidis, C., and 1990, Whitelaw, J., “Tumbling a Mechanism forTurbulence Enhancement in Spark-Ignition Engines,” SAE Paper No. 900060.
Checkel, D., and Ting, S., 1993, “Turbulence Effects on Developing Turbulence Flames in a Constant Volume Combustion Chamber,” SAE Paper No. 930867.
Arcoumanis, C., and Bae, C., 1993, “Visualization of Flow/Flame Interaction in a Constant-Volume Combustion Chamber,” SAE Paper No. 930868.
Joo, S., and Chun, K., 1999, “Improvement of the SI Engine Idle Combustion Stability Using a Fuel/Air Mixture Injection Device,” JSAE Paper No., 9932566.
Gatowski, A., and Heywood, J., 1985, “Effects of Valve-Shrouding and Squish on Combustion in a Spark-Ignition Engine,” SAE Paper No. 852093.
Shen, H., Hinze, P., and Heywood, J., “A Model for Flame Initiation and Early Development in SI Engine and Its Application to Cycle-to-Cycle Variations,” SAE Paper No. 942049.
Stone, C. R., Brown, A. G., and Beckwith, P., 1996, “Cycle-by-Cycle Variations in Spark Ignition Engine Combustion—Part II: Modeling of Flame Kernel Displacements as a Cause of Cycle-by-Cycle Variations,” SAE Paper No. 960613.
Ma, F, Shen, H., Liu, C., Wu, D., Li, G., and Jiang, D., 1996, “The Importance and Initial Flame Kernel Center Position on the Cyclic Combustion Variations for Spark-Ignition Engine,” SAE Paper No. 961969.
Blizard, N. S., and Keck J. C., 1974, “Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Turbulent Burning Model for Internal Combustion Engines,” SAE Paper No. 740191.
Tabaczynski,  R. J., Trinker,  F. H., and Shannon,  B. A. S., 1980, “Further Refinement and Validation of a Turbulent Flame Propagation Model for Spark Ignition Engines,” Combust. Flame, 39, pp. 111–121.
Witze, P. O., and Mendes-Lopes, J. M. C., 1985, “Direct Measurement of the Turbulent Burning Velocity in a Homogeneous-Charge Engine,” SAE Paper No. 851531.
Hall, M. J., Bracco, F. V., and Santavicca, D. A., 1986, “Cycle-resolved Velocity and Turbulence Measurements in an IC Engine With Combustion,” SAE Paper No. 86032.
Berreta,  G. P., Rashidi,  M., and Keck,  J. C., 1983, “Turbulent Flame Propagation and Combustion in Spark Ignition Engines,” Combust. Flame, 52, pp. 217–245.
Heywood, J. B., 1988, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
An example of flame propagation calculated using a proposed flame propagation model for the case of no swirl
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An example of flame propagation calculated using a proposed flame propagation model for the case of swirl
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A mixture supply system which generates the swirl flow
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Flame images at 2.5 ms after ignition; (a) without swirl motion and (b) with strong swirl motion
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Normalized velocity profile for the case of swirl during compression process measured by LDV
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Examples of determining the flame expansion speed and swirl speed (3 msec after the start of ignition)
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Estimated flame expansion speed and swirl ratio determined from flame images

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