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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Emissions

Exhaust Particulate Matter Emission Factors and Deterioration Rate for In-Use Motor Vehicles

[+] Author and Article Information
B. Ubanwa

Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission, 13219 Marrero Drive, Austin, TX 78729

A. Burnette, S. Kishan

Eastern Research Group, 5608 Parkcrest Drive, Suite 100, Austin, TX 78731

S. G. Fritz

Department of Emissions Research, Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Road, San Antonio, TX 78238-5166

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(2), 513-523 (Apr 29, 2003) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1559904 History: Received July 01, 2000; Revised March 01, 2002; Online April 29, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Cadle, S. H., et al., 1998, “Measurement of Exhaust Particulate Matter Emissions from In-Use light-Duty Motor Vehicle in the Denver, Colorado Area,” Final Report, CRC Project E-24-1.
Norbeck, J. M., et al., 1998, “Measurement of Primary Particulate Matter Emissions From Light-Duty Motor Vehicles,” Final Report, CRC Project No. E-24-2.
Whitney, K. A., 1998, “Measurement of Primary Exhaust Particulate Matter Emissions From Light-Duty Motor Vehicles,” Final Report, CRC Project No. E-24-3.
Graboski, M. S., et al., 1998, “Heavy-Duty Diesel Vehicle Testing for the Northern Front Range Air Quality Study,” Final Report, Colorado State University Project.
Mulawa, P. A., et al., 1995, “Characterization of Exhaust Particulate Matter From 1986 through 1990 Model Year Light-Duty Gasoline Vehicles,” GM Research and Development Publication 8456.
Darlington, T., et al., 1996, “Exhaust Particulate Emissions from Gasoline-Fueled Vehicles,” 96WCC018, presented at World Car Conference.
Weaver, C., et al., 1998, “Modeling Deterioration in Heavy-Duty Diesel Particulate Emissions,” EPA report under contract No. 8C-S112-NTSX.
France, C. J., et al., 1979, “Recommended Practice for Determining Exhaust Emissions From Heavy-Duty Vehicles Under Transient Conditions,” Technical Report SDSB 79-08, EPA.
Urban, C. M., 1984, “Dynamometer Simulation of Truck and Bus Road Horsepower for Transient Emissions Evaluations,” SAE Paper No. 840349.
Cadle, S. H., et al., 1995, “PM-10 Dynamometer Exhaust Samples Collected From In-Service Vehicles in Nevada,” GM Research and Development Publication 8464.
Cadle,  S. H., , 1997, “Particulate and Speciated HC Emission Rates from In-Use Vehicles Recruited in Orange County, CA,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 31, p. 3405.
Fritz, S. G., et al., 1992, “Emissions From Heavy-Duty Trucks Converted to CNG,” ASME 92-ICE-10.
Fritz, S. G., et al., 1993, “Emissions From Heavy-Duty Trucks Converted to Compressed Natural Gas,” SAE 932950.
Arcadis Geraghty & Miller, Inc., 1998, “Update Heavy-Duty Engine Emission Conversion Factors for MOBILE6: Analysis of BSFC and Calculation of Heavy-Duty Engine Emission Conversion Factors,” EPA Report No. 420-P-98-015, Mountain View, CA.

Figures

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1996 Carpenter school bus installed on SwRI heavy-duty chassis dynamometer
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Capital Metro bus no. 7464
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Heavy-duty chassis cycle
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Central business district (CBD) cycle
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Concepts of zero mile level (ZML) and deterioration rate (DET) for particulate matter (PM) emissions
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Heavy-duty diesel truck particulate matter (PM) emissions, 1994 and Younger Technology Group
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Light-duty gasoline vehicle particulate matter (PM) emissions, 1994 and older
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Light-duty gasoline vehicle zero mile level (ZML) and deterioration rate (DET) curves
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Heavy-duty diesel truck zero mile level (ZML) and deterioration rate (DET) curves
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Diesel bus zero mile level (ZML) and deterioration rate (DET) curves
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PART5 and PART5-TX1 typical fleet predictions, 1995 to 2005
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PART5 and PART5-TX1 predictions for light-duty gasoline vehicles from calendar year 1995 to 2005
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PART5 and PART5-TX1 predictions for heavy-duty diesel trucks and buses for calendar years 1995 to 2005

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