TECHNICAL PAPERS: Manifold Gas Dynamics and Turbocharging

Manifold Gas Dynamics Modeling and Its Coupling With Single-Cylinder Engine Models Using Simulink

[+] Author and Article Information
G. Q. Zhang, D. N. Assanis

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2121

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(2), 563-571 (Apr 29, 2003) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1560708 History: Received April 01, 1999; Revised November 01, 2002; Online April 29, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Engelman, H. W., 1953, “The Tuned Manifold: Supercharging Without a Blower,” ASME Paper No. 53-DGP-4.
Engelman, H. W., 1973, “Design of a Tuned Intake Manifold,” ASME Paper No. 73-WA/DGP-2.
Zhang, G., and Assanis, D. N., 1996, “Application of 1-D and 3-D Gas Dynamics Modeling to Engine Manifolds,” 29th ISATA Proc., Florence, Italy, June 3–6.
Benson,  R. S., 1955, “The Effect of Excess Scavenge Air on the Pressure Drop in the Cylinder of a Two-Stroke Engine During Exhaust Blowdown,” J. Areo. Soc. Tech. Notes, 59, pp. 773–778.
Wallace,  F. J., and Boxer,  G., 1956, “Wave Action in Diffusers for Exhaust Pipe Systems, With Special Reference to the Scavenging of Two-Stroke Engines,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 170, pp. 1131–1150.
Benson,  R. S., and Woods,  W. A., 1960, “Wave Action in the Exhaust System of a Supercharged Engine Model,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., 1, pp. 253–281.
Benson,  R. S., Gary,  R. D., and Woollatt,  D., 1964, “A Numerical Solution of Unsteady Flow Problems,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., 6, pp. 117–144.
Blair, G. P., and Johnson, M. B., 1968, “Unsteady Flow Effects in Exhaust Systems of Naturally Aspirated Crankcase Compression Two Cycle Internal Combustion Engines,” SAE Paper No. 680594.
Low, S. C., and Baruah, P. C., 1981, “A Generalized Computer-Aided Design Package for I.C. Engine Manifold System,” SAE Paper No. 810498.
Benson, R. S., 1982, The Thermodynamics and Gas Dynamics of Internal-Combustion Engines, Vol. I, Oxford University Press, New York.
Chapman, M., Novak, J. M., and Stein, R. A., 1982, “Numerical Modeling of Inlet and Exhaust Flows in Multi-Cylinder Internal Combustion Engines,” ASME Winter Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, Nov. 14–19.
Winterbone, D. E., and Pearson, R. J., 2000, The Theory of Engine Manifold Design: Wave Action Methods for IC Engines, SAE Press, Warrendale, PA.
Lakshminarayanan, P. A., Janakiraman, P. A. Gajendra Babu, M. K., and Murthy, B. S., 1979, “Prediction of Gas Exchange Process in a Single Cylinder Internal Combustion Engine,” SAE Paper No. 790359.
Takizawa, M., Uno, T., and Tadayoshi, Y., 1982, “A Study of Gas Exchange Process Simulation of an Automotive Multi-Cylinder Internal Combustion Engine,” SAE Paper No. 820410.
Meisner, S., and Sorenson, S. C., 1986, “Computer Simulation of Intake and Exhaust Manifold Flow and Heat Transfer,” SAE Paper No. 860242.
MacCormack, R. W., 1981, “A Numerical Method for Solving the Equations of Compressible Viscous Flow,” AIAA Paper No. 81-0110.
Chapman,  M., 1981, “FRAM-Nonlinear Damping Algorithms for the Continuity Equations,” J. Comput. Phys., 44, pp. 84–103.
Morel, T., Morel, J., and Blaser, D. A., 1991, “Fluid Dynamic and Acoustic Modeling of Concentric-Tube Resonators Silencers,” SAE Paper No. 910072.
Peters, B., and Gosman, A. D., 1993, “Numerical Simulation of Unsteady Flow in Engine Intake Manifolds,” SAE Paper No. 930609.
Kirkpatrick, S. J., Blair, G. P., Fleck, R., and McMullan R. K., 1994, “Experimental Evaluation of 1-D Computer Codes for the Simulation of Unsteady Gas Flow Through Engines—A First Phase,” SAE Paper No. 941685.
Lax,  P. D., and Wendroff,  B., 1960, “Systems of Conservation Laws,” Commun. Pure Appl. Math., 15, pp. 217–237.
Book,  D. L., Boris,  J. P., and Hain,  K., 1975, “Flux-Corrected Transport II: Generalization of the Method,” J. Comput. Phys., 18, pp. 248–283.
Niessner, H., and Bulaty, T., 1981, “A Family of Flux-Correction Methods to Avoid Overshoot Occurring with Solutions of Unsteady Flow Problems,” Proceedings of GAMM 4th Conf., pp. 241–250.
Harten,  A., Lax,  P. D., and VanLeer,  B., 1983, “On Upstream Differencing and Gudunov-Type Schemes for Hyperbolic Conservation Laws,” SIAM Rev., 25, pp. 35–61.
Morel, T., Flemming, M. F., and LaPointe, L. A., 1990, “Characterization of Manifold Dynamics in the Chrysler 2.2 S. I. Engine by Measurements and Simulation,” SAE Paper No. 900697.
Chakravarthy, S. R., and Osher, S., 1985, “A New Class of High Accuracy TVD Schemes for Hyperbolic Conservation Laws,” Paper No. AIAA-85-0363.
van Leer, B., 1973, Towards the Ultimate Conservative Difference Scheme I. The Quest of Monotonicity (Lecture Notes in Physics, 18), Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 163–168.
van Leer,  B., 1974, “Towards the Ultimate Conservative Difference Scheme II. Monotonicity and conservation Combined in a Second Order Scheme,” J. Comput. Phys., 14, pp. 361–376.
Roe, P. L., 1985, “Some Contributions to the Modeling of Discontinuous Flows,” Lecture Notes in Applied Math, 22, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 163–193.
Davis, S. F., 1984, “TVD Differencing Schemes and Artificial Viscosity,” NASA CR 172373.
Davis,  S. F., 1987, “A Simplified TVD Finite Differencing Scheme via Artificial Viscosity,” SIAM (Soc. Ind. Appl. Math.) J. Sci. Stat. Comput., 8, pp. 1–18.
Zhang, G., and Assanis, D. N., 1997, “Manifold Gas Dynamics Modeling and Its Coupling With Single Cylinder Engine Models Using SIMULINK,” ASME Paper 97-ICE-7, ICE-Vol. 28-1, pp. 51–60.
Zhang,  G., Filipi,  Z. S., and Assanis,  D. N., 1997, “A Flexible, Reconfigurable, Transient Multi-Cylinder Diesel Engine Simulation for System Dynamics Studies,” Mech. Struct. Mach., 25(3), pp. 357–378.
Zhang,  G., Assanis,  D. N., and Tamamidis,  P., 1996, “Segregated Prediction of 3-D Compressible Subsonic Fluid Flows Using Collocated Grids,” Numer. Heat Transfer, Part A, 29, pp. 757–775.
Assanis, D. N., and Heywood, J. B., 1986, “Development and Use of a Computer Simulation of the Turbocompounded Diesel System for Engine Performance and Component Heat Transfer Studies,” SAE Paper No. 860329.
Filipi, Z., and Assanis, D. N., 1991, “Quasi-Dimensional Computer Simulation of the Turbocharged Spark-Ignition Engine and Its Use for 2 and 4-Valve Engine Matching Studies,” SAE Paper No. 910075.
Patton, K. J., Nitschke, R. G. and Heywood, J. B., 1989, “Development and Evaluation of a Friction Model for Spark-Ignition Engines,” SAE Paper No. 890836.
Blair, G. P., and McConnell, J. H., 1974, “Unsteady Gas Flow Through High Specific Output 4-Stroke Cyclic Engines,” SAE Paper No. 740736.
Winterbone, D. E., and Pearson, R. J., 1999, Design Techniques for Engine Manifolds: Wave Action Methods for IC Engines, SAE Press, Warrendale, PA.


Grahic Jump Location
Cell center and cell faces
Grahic Jump Location
Typical one-dimensional gas dynamic problems with different boundary conditions
Grahic Jump Location
The gradual discharge problem: (a) valve area diagram, (b) pressure at open end, and (c) pressure at closed end
Grahic Jump Location
The sudden discharge problem (a) open end pressure, and (b) closed end pressure
Grahic Jump Location
Simulation of exhaust process from a cylinder with valve opening and closing to a pipe with end nozzle: (a) valve area variation, (b) cylinder pressure variation, (c) predicted pressure diagram in pipe’s nozzle end, and (d) predicted pressure diagram in pipe’s cylinder end
Grahic Jump Location
Block diagram of gas dynamic models of the intake and exhaust manifolds coupled with a single-cylinder engine simulation in SIMULINK
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of predictions and measurements for a single-cylinder spark-ignition engine: (a) BMEP for a range of speeds, (b) cylinder pressure, (c) intake port pressure, and (d) exhaust port pressure at a speed of 5000 rpm
Grahic Jump Location
Experimental setup with variable length intake runner for validation of manifold gas dynamics models coupled with single-cylinder direct injection diesel engine model
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of runner length and engine speed on manifold gas dynamics
Grahic Jump Location
The gas dynamics effect of intake runner length on the volumetric efficiency of a representative high-speed direct-injection diesel engine




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In