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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Tribology and Wear

Analysis of Oil Film Thickness on a Piston Ring of Diesel Engine: Effect of Oil Film Temperature

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Harigaya, M. Suzuki

Department of Technology Education, Faculty of Education, Utsunomiya University, 350 Mine-machi, Utsonomiya 321-8505 Japan

M. Takiguchi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Musashi Institute of Technology, 1-28-1 Tamazutsumi, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 158-8557, Japan

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(2), 596-603 (Apr 29, 2003) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1501078 History: Received May 01, 2001; Revised November 01, 2001; Online April 29, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Furuhama,  S., 1958, “A Dynamic Theory of Piston-Ring Lubrication,” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., 24(148), p. 1032.
Wakuri,  Y., Soejima,  M., and Taniguchi,  T., 1977, “Oil Film Behavior of Piston Ring,” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., 43(370), p. 2319.
Sanda,  S., and Someya,  T., 1989, “The Mechanism of Piston Ring Friction and Lubrication (Improvement in Predicting Friction Force by Reconsidering Boundary Conditions),” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., 55(516), p. 2175.
Ting,  L. L., and Mayer,  J. E., 1974, “Piston Ring Lubrication and Cylinder Bore Wear Analyses, Part II—Theory Verification,” ASME J. Lubr. Technol., 96, p. 258.
Wakuri,  Y., Hamatake,  T., Soejima,  M., and Kitahara,  T., 1993, “Lubrication of Piston Ring Pack,” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., 59(561), p. 1504.
Tian, T., Wong, V. W., and Heywood, J. B., 1996, “A Piston Ring-Pack Film—Thickness and Friction Model for Multigrade Oils and Rough Surfaces,” SAE Paper No. 962032.
Froelunet, K., Schramm, J., Tian, T., Wong, V. W., and Hochgreb, S., 1996, “Analysis of the Piston Ring/Liner Oil Film Development During Warm-Up for an SI-Engine,” ASME ICE-Vol. 27-2 ASME, New York, p. 25.
Ma, Ming-Tang, 2000, “Incorporation of Lubricant Shear-Thinning in a Two-Dimensional Lubrication Analysis for Automotive Piston-Ring Packs,” Advances in Powertrain Tribology 2000, CEC & SAE, p. 69.
Radakovic,  D. J., and Khonsari,  M. M., 1997, “Heat Transfer in a Tin-Film Flow in the Presence of Squeeze and Shear Thinning: Application to Piston Rings,” ASME Trans. J. Heat Transfer, 119, p. 249.
Takiguchi, M., Sasaki, R., Takahashi, I., Ishibashi, F., Furuhama, S., Kai, R., and Sato, M., 2000, “Oil Film Measurement and Analysis of a Three Ring Pack in an Operating Diesel Engine,” Advances in Powertrain Tribology 2000 CEC & SAE, p. 81.
Harigaya, Y., Tsuji, Y., Kanahashi, H., and Suzuki, M., 1999, “Effect of Oil Film Temperature on Lubrication Characteristics of Piston Ring in Internal Combustion Engines,” Proceedings of the 15th Internal Combustion Engine Symposium (International) in Seoul, JSAE, p. 179.
Harigaya, Y., Akagi, J., and Suzuki, M., 2000, “Prediction of Temperature, Viscosity and Thickness in Oil Film Between Ring and Liner of Internal Combustion Engine,” Advances in Powertrain Tribology 2000, CEC & SAE, p. 109.
Pinkus, O., 1990, Thermal Aspects of Fluid Film Tribology, ASME, New York.
Namai, T., and Inoue, M., 1992, Hydrodynamic of Viscous Flow, Rikogakusha, Tokyo.
Arakawa, C., 1994, Computational Fluid Dynamics for Engineering, University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo.
Wakuri,  Y., Kitahara,  T., Hamatake,  T., Soejima,  M., and Ide,  S., 1998, “Friction Characteristics of Piston and Piston Rings,” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., 64(618), p. 676.
Hatakenaka,  K., Tanaka,  M., and Suzuki,  K., 2000, “Thermo-Hydrodynamic Performance of Journal Bearings With Partial Reverse Flow and Finger-Type Cavitation Being Considered,” J. Japan Soc. Tribol., 45 (8), p. 628.
Wong, V. V., Casey, S. M., and Tamai, G., 1999, “Lubricant Film Characteristics in the Power Cylinder and Dependence on Location, Oil Properties, and Engine Operating Conditions,” Proceedings of the 15th Internal Combustion Engine Symposium (International) in Seoul, JSAE, p. 161.

Figures

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Lubrication model between ring and liner
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Geometry of top ring sliding surface
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Cylinder liner surface temperatures (experimental values)
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Temperature and velocity distributions in oil film between ring and liner (1600 rpm, no load). (a) Temperature distribution at CA=30 deg. (b) Temperature distribution at CA=270 deg. (c) Velocity distribution at CA=30 deg. (d) Velocity distribution at CA=270 deg.
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Mean oil film temperature in a cycle (1600 rpm, no load)
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Oil film viscosity in a cycle (1600 rpm, no load)
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Oil film thickness (effect of viscosity estimation methods, 1600 rpm, no load)
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Mean oil film temperatures and viscosity (effect of ring temperatures, 1600 rpm, no load); (a) mean oil film temperature, (b) viscosity
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Oil film thickness (effect of ring temperatures, 1600 rpm, no load)
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Relation between oil film thickness and viscosity (1600 rpm, no load)
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Oil film temperature and viscosity (effect of engine speeds and no load); (a) oil film temperature, (b) viscosity
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Oil film thickness (effect of engine speeds, no load)
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Relations between oil film thickness, viscosity and engine speed (no load); (a) oil film thickness, (b) viscosity
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Heat flow at ring and liner surfaces (TR=116.3°C, 1600 rpm, no load)
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Temperature distributions in an oil film (condition of low temperature TR=TL=30°C); (a) CA=30 deg, (b) CA=270 deg
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Heat flow at ring and liner surfaces (TR=TL=30°C, 1600 rpm, no load)

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