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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Tribology and Wear

Effect of Biodiesel Utilization of Wear of Vital Parts in Compression Ignition Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
A. K. Agarwal

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Kanpur 208016, Indiae-mail: akag@iitk.ac.in

J. Bijwe

ITTMEC, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, New Delhi 110016, India

L. M. Das

Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016, India

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(2), 604-611 (Apr 29, 2003) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1454114 History: Received July 01, 1999; Revised August 01, 2001; Online April 29, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Krawczyk,  T., 1996, “Biodiesel: Alternative Fuel Makes Inroads but Hurdles Remain,” Inform, 7, No. 8, pp. 801–814.
Srinivasa, Rao  P., and Gopalkrishnan,  K. V., 1991, “Vegetable Oils and Their Methyl Esters as Fuels for Diesel Engines,” Indian J. Technol., 29, pp. 292–297.
Kaltschmitt,  M., Reinhardt,  G. A., and Stelzer,  T., 1997, “Life Cycle Analysis of Biofuels Under Different Environmental Aspects,” Biomass Bioenergy, 12, No. 2, pp. 121–134.
Korbitz,  W., 1999, “Biodiesel Production in Europe and North America, an Encouraging Prospect,” Renewable Energy, 16, pp. 1078–1083.
Agarwal,  A. K., and Das,  L. M., 2000, “Biodiesel Development and Characterization for use as a Fuel in a Compression Ignition Engine,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 123, pp. 440–447.
Agarwal, A. K., 1996, “Performance Evaluation and Emission Characteristics of a Compression Ignition Engine Using Esterified Biodiesel,” M.Tech thesis, Center for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (India), p. 82.
Williamson,  A. M., and Badr,  O., 1998, “Assessing the Viability of Using Rape Methyl Ester (RME) as an Alternative to Mineral Diesel Fuel for Powering Road Vehicle in the UK,” Appl. Energy, 59, Nos. 2–3, pp. 187–214.
Hemmerlein, N., Korte, V., Richter, H., and Schoroder, G., 1991, “Performance, Exhaust Emissions and Durability of Modern Diesel Engines Running on Rapeseed Oil,” SAE Technical Paper Series No. 910848, SAE, Warrendale, PA.
Freedman, B., Bagby, M. O., Callahan, T. J., and Ryan III, T. W. 1990, “Cetane Number of Fatty Esters, Fatty Alcohols and Triglycerides Determined in a Constant Volume Combustion Bomb,” SAE Paper 900343.
Freedman,  B., and Bagby,  M. O., 1989, “Heats of Combustion of Fatty Esters and Triglycerides,” JAOCS, 66, No. 11, pp. 1601–1605.
Freedman,  B., Butterfield,  R. O., and Pryde,  E. H., 1986, “Transesterification Kinetics of Soyabean Oil,” JAOCS, 63 , No. 10.
American Biofuel Association, 1994, “Biodiesel: A Technology, Performance and Regulatory Overview,” Information Resources, Washington, DC.
Weber, J. A., and Johannes, K., 1996, “Biodiesel Market Opportunity and Potential Barriers,” Liquid Fuels and Industrial Products From Renewable Resources, J. S. Wnditt et al., eds., Proceedings of the Third Fuel Conference, Sept. 15–17, Nashville, TN, ASAE.
Agarwal, A. K., 1999, “Performance Evaluation and Tribological Studies on a Biodiesel-Fuelled Compression Ignition Engine,” Ph.D. thesis, Center for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (India), p. 344.
Seventeenth Parliamentary Standing Committee’s Report on Vegetable Oils, Government of India, 1995.
Indian Standard Code IS:10000, Part VIII, 1980, “Methods of Tests for Internal Combustion Engines: Part VIII Performance Tests.”

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Carbon deposits on cylinder head of diesel-fueled engine after 512 hours of engine operation
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Carbon deposits on cylinder head of 20 percent biodiesel-fueled engine after 512 hours of engine operation
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Carbon deposits on piston top of diesel-fueled engine after 512 hours of engine operation
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Carbon deposits on piston top of 20 percent biodiesel-fueled engine after 512 hours of engine operation
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Carbon deposits on injector tip of diesel-fueled engine after 200 hours of engine operation
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Carbon deposits on injector tip of 20 percent biodiesel-fueled engine after 512 hours of engine operation
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Ash content versus hours of lube oil usage
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Schematic diagram for atomic absorption spectroscopy
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Iron concentration as a function of lube oil usage
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Copper concentration as a function of lube oil usage
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Zinc concentration as a function of lube oil usage
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Chromium concentration as a function of lube oil usage
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Magnesium concentration as a function of lube oil usage
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Cobalt concentration as function of lube oil usage
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Lead concentration as a function of lube oil usage

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