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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuel

Time Domain Simulation of Combustion Instabilities in Annular Combustors

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Pankiewitz, T. Sattelmayer

Lehrstuhl für Thermodynamik, Technische Universität München, 85747 Garching, Germany

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(3), 677-685 (Aug 15, 2003) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1582496 History: Received December 01, 2001; Revised March 01, 2002; Online August 15, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

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Culick,  F. E. C., 1971, “Non-Linear Growth and Limiting Amplitude of Acoustic Oscillations in Combustion Chambers,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 3, pp. 1–16.
Culick,  F. E. C., 1994, “Some Recent Results for Nonlinear Acoustics in Combustion Chambers,” AIAA J., 32(1), pp. 146–169.
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Akamatsu, S., and Dowling, A. P., 2001, “Three Dimensional Thermoacoustic Oscillation in a Premix Combustor,” ASME Paper No. 2001-GT-0034.
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Brookes, S. J., Cant, R. S., and Dowling, A. P., 1999, “Modelling Combustion Instabilities Using Computational Fluid Dynamics,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-112.
Hantschk,  C.-C., and Vortmeyer,  D., 2002, “Numerical Simulation of Self-Excited Combustion Oscillations in a Non-Premixed Burner,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 174, pp. 189–204.
Wake, B. E., Choi, D., and Hendricks, G. J., 1996, “Numerical Investigation of Pre-Mixed Step-Combustor Instabilities,” AIAA Paper No. AIAA 96-0816.
Dowling,  A. P., 1997, “Nonlinear Self-Excited Oscillations of a Ducted Flame,” J. Fluid Mech., 346, pp. 271–290.
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Walz, G., Krebs, W., Flohr, P., and Hoffmann, S., 2001, “Modal Analysis of Annular Combustors: Effect of Burner Impedance,” ASME Paper No. 2001-GT-0042.
Krüger, U., Hüren, J., Hoffmann, S., Krebs, W., and Bohn, D., 1999, “Prediction of Thermoacoustic Instabilities With Focus on the Dynamic Flame Behavior of the 3A-Series Gas Turbine of Siemens KWU,” ASME Paper No. 99-GT-111.
Krüger,  U., Hüren,  J., Hoffmann,  S., Krebs,  W., Flohr,  P., and Bohn,  D., 2001, “Prediction and Measurement of Thermoacoustic Improvements in Gas Turbines With Annular Combustion Systems,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 123, pp. 557–566.
Krebs, W., Walz, G., and Hoffmann, S., 1999, “Thermoacoustic Analysis of Annular Combustor,” AIAA Paper No. AIAA 99-1971.
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Figures

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Annular combustor test rig representing the basis for the model combustor. (1) Premixing section, (2) plenum chamber, (3) combustion chamber, (4) exhaust.
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Geometry of the model annular combustor (cross section) with (1) inlet, (2) plenum chamber, (3) burner section, (4) combustion chamber, and (5) exit
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Shape of the function f(u) defined by Eq. (15)
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First four acoustical eigenmodes of the combustor (normalized pressure distribution)
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FEM mesh and initial distribution of pressure fluctuation p
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Time evolution of a self-excited instability for τ=1.9, ω0=5, no mean flow
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Normalized pressure distribution at different phase angles for one period of the limit cycle for τ=1.9, ω0=5, no mean flow
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Fluctuation of burner exit velocity (–), pressure ([[ellipsis]]), and heat release rate ([[dashed_line]]) during the limit cycle for τ=1.9, ω0=5, no mean flow
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Normalized frequency spectrum of the limit cycle oscillation for τ=1.9, ω0=5, no mean flow
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Time evolution of a self-excited instability in a system without losses (τ=1.0, ω0=5, no mean flow)
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Time evolution of the velocity fluctuation at one burner for τ=1.5, ω0=5, no mean flow
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Cycle increments for different delay times and ω0=5 (•), ω0=4 (▵), ω0=3 (▿), no mean flow
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Frequencies and corresponding mode types for different delay times. (•) Unstable mode, (○) stable mode. Acoustical eigenfrequencies of the (1,0,0)-mode ([[dashed_line]]) and (1,1,0)-mode (-⋅-)
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Normalized pressure distribution at different phase angles for one period of the limit cycle for τ=1.9, ω0=5, with mean flow
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Amplitudes of the burner exit velocity fluctuations for the cases without (•) and with (▵) mean flow (τ=1.9, ω0=5). Limit for onset of saturation ([[dashed_line]]).

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