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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuel

On-Line Fuel Deoxygenation for Coke Suppression

[+] Author and Article Information
L. J. Spadaccini, H. Huang

United Technologies Research Center, 411 Silver Lane, East Hartford, CT 06108

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(3), 686-692 (Aug 15, 2003) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1582497 History: Received December 01, 2001; Revised March 01, 2002; Online August 15, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Hazlett, R. N., 1991, Thermal Oxidation Stability of Aviation Turbine Fuels, ASTM Monograph 1, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.
Spadaccini,  L. J., Sobel,  D. R., and Huang,  H., 2001, “Deposit Formation and Mitigation in Aircraft Fuels,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 123, pp. 741–746.
Heneghan,  S. P., Zabarnick,  S., Ballal,  D. R., and Harrison,  W. E., 1996, “JP-8+100: Development of a Thermally Stable Jet Fuel,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol., 118, pp. 170–179.
Taylor,  W. F., 1974, “Deposit Formation From Deoxygenated Hydrocarbons. General Features,” Ind. Eng. Chem., Prod. Res. Develop., 13, pp. 133–138.
Sobel,  D. R., and Spadaccini,  L. J., 1997, “Hydrocarbon Fuel Cooling Technologies for Advanced Propulsion,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 119, pp. 344–351.
Edwards, T., 1998, “Prospects for JP-8+225, a Stepping Stone to JP-900,” AIAA Paper 98-3532.
Darrah, S., 1988, “Jet Fuel Deoxygenation,” Report AFWAL-TR-88-2081, Air Force Aero Propulsion Laboratory, WPAFB, OH.
Biddle, T., 1999, “JP-8+100: An Improved Thermally Stable JP-8 Fuel for Current and Future Aircraft,” Report AFRL-PR-WP-TR-2000-2019, Air Force Aero Propulsion Laboratory, WPAFB, OH.
Baker, R., 2000, Membrane Technology and Applications, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Figures

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Supported oxygen-permeable polymer membrane
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Membrane test apparatus
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Influence of oxygen temperature on membrane permeability
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Influence of membrane thickness on oxygen permeability
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Influence of fuel temperature on deoxygenation
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Influence of mass diffusion in fuel on deoxygenation
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Demonstration of single-pass fuel deoxygenation
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Deoxygenation suppresses coke formation, independent of fuel
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Deoxygenation is effective up to 860°F peak wall temperature
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Deoxygenated fuel performs as well as JP-7
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Kinetic model validation
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Fuel deoxygenation filter sizing
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Fuel deoxygenator design concept

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