TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Heat Transfer

Gas Turbine Engine Durability Impacts of High Fuel-Air Ratio Combustors—Part I: Potential for Secondary Combustion of Partially Reacted Fuel

[+] Author and Article Information
S. P. Lukachko, D. R. Kirk, I. A. Waitz

Gas Turbine Laboratory, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(3), 742-750 (Aug 15, 2003) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1584479 History: Received December 01, 2001; Revised March 01, 2002; Online August 15, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Sirignano,  W. A., and Liu,  F., 1999, “Performance Increases for Gas-Turbine Engines Through Combustion Inside the Turbine,” J. Propul. Power, 15, pp. 111–118.
Godin, Th., Harvey, S., and Stouffs, P., 1997, “Chemically Reactive Flow of Hot Combustion Gases in an Aircraft Turbo-Jet Engine,” ASME Paper No. 97-GT-302.
Kirk, D. R., Guenette, G. R., Lukachko, S. P., and Waitz, I. A., 2002, “Turbine Durability Impacts of High Fuel-Air Ratio Combustors, Part 2: Impact of Intra-Turbine Heat Release on Film-Cooled Surface Heat Transfer,” ASME Paper No. GT-2002-30182.
Bowman, C. T., Hanson, R. K., Davidson, D. F., Gardiner, W. C., Jr., Lissianski, V., Smith, G. P., Golden, D. M., Frenklach, M., and Goldenberg, M., 1995, “GRI-Mech 2.11, http://www.me.berkeley.edu/gri_mech/.”
Kee, R. J., Rupley, F. M., and Miller, J. A., 1991, “CHEMKIN-II: A FORTRAN Chemical Kinetics Package for the Analysis of Gas-Phase Chemical Kinetics,” SAND89-8009, Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA.
Fotache,  C. G., Wang,  H., and Law,  C. K., 1999, “Ignition of Ethane, Propane, and Butane in Counterflow Jets of Cold Fuel Versus Hot Air Under Variable Pressures,” Combust. Flame, 117, pp. 777–794.
Gordon, S., and McBride, B. J., 1994, “Computer Program for Calculation of Complex Chemical Equilibrium Compositions and Applications I. Analysis,” NASA-RP-1311, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH.
International Civil Aviation Organization, 1995, ICAO Engine Exhaust Emissions Data Bank, First Ed. With Addendums, ICAO Doc 9646-AN/943. Montreal, Canada.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1992, “Procedures for Emission Inventory Preparation: Volume IV, Mobile Sources,” EPA420-R-92-009, Washington, DC.
Wey, C. C., et al., 1998, “Engine Gaseous, Aerosol Precursor and Particulate at Simulated Flight Altitude Conditions,” NASA-TM-1998-208509, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH.
Howard, R. P., et al., 1996, “Experimental Characterization of Gas Turbine Emissions at Simulated Flight Altitude Conditions,” AEDC-TR-96-3, Arnold Engineering Development Center, Arnold Air Force Base, TN.
Sturgess, G. J., McKinney, R., and Morford, S., 1992, “Modification of Combustor Stoichiometry Distribution for Reduced NOx Emission from Aircraft Engines,” ASME Paper No. 92-GT-108.
Heywood, J. B., and Mikus, T., 1973, “Parameters Controlling Nitric Oxide Emissions from Gas Turbine Combustors,” Paper 21, Presented at AGARD Propulsion & Energetics Panels 41st Meeting on Atmospheric Pollution by Aircraft Engines, London, England.
Mikus,  T., and Heywood,  J. B., 1971, “The Automotive Gas Turbine and Nitric Oxide Emissions,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 4, pp. 149–158.
Fric,  T. F., 1993, “Effects of Fuel-Air Unmixedness on NOx Emissions,” Journal of Propulsion and Power,” J. Propul. Power, 9(5), pp. 708–713.
Lukachko,  S. P., Waitz,  I. A., Miake-Lye,  R. C., Brown,  R. C., and Anderson,  M. R., 1998, “Production of Sulfate Aerosol Precursors in the Turbine and Exhaust Nozzle of an Aircraft Engine,” J. Geophys. Res., 103(D13), pp. 16, 159–16, 174.
Penner, J. E., Lister, D. H., Griggs, D. J., Dokken, D. J., and McFarland, M., eds., 1999, “Special Report on Aviation and the Global Atmosphere,” IPCC, WMO/UNEP, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Harnett, J. P., 1985, “Mass Transfer Cooling,” Handbook of Heat Transfer Fundamentals, W. M. Rohsenow, J. P. Hartnett, E. N. Ganic, eds., McGraw-Hill, New York, Chap. 1.
Rolls-Royce, plc., 1992, The Jet Engine, 4th Ed., Derby, England.
Lakshminarayna, B., 1996, Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer of Turbomachinery, New York.


Grahic Jump Location
Phenomenology of secondary combustion in the turbine. (Original engine and film cooling graphics from 19 and 20.)
Grahic Jump Location
XCO,HH2,XOH,XO, and efficiency (ηb) at constant enthalpy and pressure equilibrium for lean and stoichiometric aviation fuel-air mixtures
Grahic Jump Location
Representative current and future turbine flow compositions. (Portion of fuel energy represented by CO, HC, and/or H2 specified at 99%, 85%, and 73% for compositions 1 through 3. ηlocal reduced with changes in local T and P.)
Grahic Jump Location
Potential local temperature rise. (Grayed area indicates thermodynamically incompatible T,P,X combinations.)
Grahic Jump Location
Characteristic chemical time scales for turbine heat release for representative flow compositions. (Boxes represent median values and bracketed lines indicate ranges for a typical NGV flow space for a current era advanced engine.)
Grahic Jump Location
ΔTT and Da comparing ignition and blade row traverse times for representative flow compositions. (Blank area indicates thermodynamically incompatible T,P,X combinations.)
Grahic Jump Location
Turbulent diffusive mixing




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In