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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines

Effect of Fuel Injection Timing Relative to Ignition Timing on the Natural-Gas Direct-Injection Combustion

[+] Author and Article Information
Z. Huang

School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, P. R. Chinae-mail: zhhuang@mail.xjtu.edu.cn

S. Shiga

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gunma University, Kiryu, Gunma 376-8515, Japane-mail: shiga@me.gunma-u.ac.jp

T. Ueda

General Research Center, Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., Yokohama-city, Kanagawa 230-0053, Japane-mail: ta-ueda@mail.nissan.co.jp

H. Nakamura, T. Ishima, T. Obokata

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gunma University, Kiryu, Gunma 376-8515, Japan

M. Tsue, M. Kono

Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(3), 783-790 (Aug 15, 2003) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1563243 History: Received October 01, 2001; Revised September 01, 2002; Online August 15, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Ben, L., Charnay, G., and Truquet, R., 1999, “Influence of Air/Fuel Ratio on Cyclic Variation and Exhaust Emission in Natural Gas SI Engine,” SAE Paper No. 992901.
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Liu,  Z., and Karim,  G. A., 1997, “Simulation of Combustion Process in Gas Fueled Diesel Engines,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 211(A2), pp. 159–169.
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Edward, R., Rosca, R., and Gaiginschi, R., 1999, “Influence of Fuel Injection Timing Over the Performances of a Direct Injection Spark Ignition Engine,” SAE Paper No. 990174.
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Green,  R. K., and Zavier,  C. C., 1992, “Charge Stratification in a Spark Ignition Engine,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 206(A1), pp. 59–64.
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Jones,  A. L., and Evans,  R. L., 1985, “Comparison of Burning Rates in a Natural Gas Fueled Spark Ignition Engine,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 107, pp. 908–913.
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Heywood, J. B., 1988, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Obokata, T., Ishima, T., Shiga, S., Egurao, Y., Matsuda, T., Murakami, A., Long, W., Yang, X., and Liu, C., 2001, “Characteristics of Premixed Combustion Type Diesel Engine Using Hollow Cone Spray,” Proc. of ASME 2001 Fall Technical Conference, 2 , ASME, New York, pp. 119–126.
Shiga, S., Kobayashi, K., Hayakawa, E., Matsuura, T., Nakamura, H., Ishima, T., and Obokata, T., 2001, “Effect of Injection Rate on the Performance and Emissions of a Direct-Injection Gasoline Engine in Comparison With the Port-Injection Operation,” Proc. of ASME 2001 Fall Technical Conference, 1 , ASME, New York, pp. 115–120.
Agarwal, A., and Assanis., D. N., 2000, “Multi-Dimensional Modeling of Natural Gas Ignition, Combustion and Pollutant Formation in Direct Injection Engines,” SAE Paper No. 201839.
Goto,  Y., 1999, “Mixture Formation and Ignition in a Direct Injection Natural Gas Engine,” JSME Int. J., Ser. B, 42(2), pp. 268–274.
Brett,  L., Machamara,  J., Musch,  P., and Simmie,  M., 2001, “Simulation of Methane Autoignition in a Rapid Compression Machine With Creviced Pistons,” Combust. Flame, 124, pp. 326–329.
Shiga,  S., Ueda,  T., and Huang,  Z., 2002, “A Study on the Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Compressed Natural Gas Direct Injection Stratified Combustion by Using a Rapid Compression Machine,” Combust. Flame, 129, pp. 1–10.

Figures

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Schematic of combustion chamber
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Pressure history from start of compression
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Injection timing setting from start of compression
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Effect of injection timing relative to ignition timing on heat release rate and mass fraction burned
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Variation of combustion durations with injection timing relative to ignition timing
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Effect of injection timing relative to ignition timing on combustion products
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Effect of injection timing relative to ignition timing on combustion efficiency
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Effect of injection timing relative to ignition timing on maximum pressure rise due to combustion

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