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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines

Wear Assessment in a Biodiesel Fueled Compression Ignition Engine

[+] Author and Article Information
A. K. Agarwal

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Kanpur 208016, Indiae-mail: Akag@iitk.ac.in

J. Bijwe

ITTMEC, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, New Delhi 110016, India

L. M. Das

Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, New Delhi 110016, India

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(3), 820-826 (Aug 15, 2003) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1501079 History: Received February 01, 2001; Revised February 01, 2002; Online August 15, 2003
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Agarwal, Avinash Kumar, 1999, “Performance Evaluation and Tribological Studies on a Biodiesel-Fuelled Compression Ignition Engine,” Ph.D. thesis, Center for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India.
Krawczyk,  Tom, 1996, “Biodiesel: Alternative Fuel Makes Inroads but Hurdles Remain,” Inform, No. 8, 7(8), pp. 801–814.
Teri Energy Economy Simulation and Evaluation Model, 1998, “Asia Least-cost Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategy (ALGAS),” Tata Energy Research Institute, New Delhi.
Peterson, C. L., Auld, D. L., Bettis, B. L., Hawley, K. N., and Wagner, G. L., 1981, “Safflower and Rapeseed Oils as Fuel,” Alcohol and Vegetable Oil as Alternative Fuels, Raleigh, NC, Apr. 7–9; Sacramento, CA, Apr. 21–23; Peoria, IL, Apr. 28–30.
Van Dyne,  D. L., Weber,  J. A., and Braschler,  C. H., 1996, “Macroeconomic Effects of a Community Based Biodiesel Production System,” Bioresour. Technol., 56, pp. 1–6.
Freedman,  Bernard, Butterfield,  Royden O., and Pryde,  Everett H., 1986, “Transesterification Kinetics of Soybean Oil,” JAOCS, 63 (10), Oct.
American Biofuel Association, 1994, Biodiesel: A Technology, Performance and Regulatory Overview, Information Resources, Washington, DC.
Weber, J. A., and Johannes, K., 1996, “Biodiesel Market Opportunity and Potential Barriers,” Liquid Fuels and Industrial Products From Renewable Resources, Proceedings of the Third fuel Conference, J. S. Wnditt, E. E. Gavett, C. Hansen, C. Peterson, M. A. Sanderson, H. Shapouri, and D. A. Van Dyne, eds., Sep. 15–17, Nashville, TN, ASAE.
Agarwal,  Avinash Kumar, and Das,  L. M., 2001, “Biodiesel Development and Characterization for Use as a Fuel in Compression Ignition Engine,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 123, pp. 440–447.
Agarwal, Avinash Kumar, Bijwe, Jayashree, and Das, L. M., 2000, “Effect of Biodiesel Utilization on Wear of Vital Parts in Compression Ignition Engine,” Large Bore Engine Designs, Natural Gas Engines, and Alternative Fuels, ASME, New York, ICE Vol. -35-2, pp. 45–54.
Richardson, Dana E., and Borman, Gary L., 1999, “Using Fiber Optics and Laser Fluorescence for Measuring Thin Oil Films With Application to Engines,” SAE Paper No. 912388.

Figures

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Schematic diagram for atomic absorption spectroscopy
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Iron concentration as a function of lube oil usage
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Copper concentration as function of lube oil usage
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Zinc concentration as a function of lube oil usage
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Chromium concentration as a function of lube oil usage
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Magnesium concentration as a function of lube oil usage
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Cobalt concentration as a function of hours of fuel usage
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Lead concentration as function of hours of lube oil usage
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Ferrogram of the lube oil drawn from 20% biodiesel operated engine after 128 hours of operation
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Ferrogram of the lube oil drawn from diesel operated engine after 128 hours of operation
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Ferrogram of the lube oil drawn from 20% biodiesel operated engine after 512 hours of operation
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Ferrogram of the lube oil drawn from diesel operated engine after 512 hours of operation
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SRV optimal wear tester, pin and disk arrangement
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Coefficient of friction of biodiesel blend concentration
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Specific wear rates for disk and pin as a function of biodiesel blend concentration
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Mocrograph of the disk subjected to diesel as lubricating fluid
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High magnification micrograph of the disk subjected to diesel as lubricating fluid
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Micrograph of the disk subjected to 20% biodiesel as lubricating fluid
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High magnification micrograph of the disk subjected to 20% biodiesel as lubricating fluid

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