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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Operation With Natural Gas: Fuel Composition Implications

[+] Author and Article Information
J. Hiltner

Hiltner Combustion Systems, 108 Fairbanks Road, Unit #1, Farmington, ME 04938e-mail: jdh@hiltnercombustionsystems.com

R. Agama

Caterpillar, Inc., Mossville Engine Center, Mossville, IL 61552-0600e-mail: agama_rey@cat.com

F. Mauss

Division of Combustion Physics, Lund Institute of Technology, 22100 Lund, Swedene-mail: Fabian.mauss@forbrf.lth.se

B. Johansson, M. Christensen

Department of Heat and Power Engineering, Lund Institute of Technology, 22100 Lund, Sweden

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 125(3), 837-844 (Aug 15, 2003) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1581895 History: Received May 01, 2001; Revised October 01, 2001; Online August 15, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Ricardo, H. R., 1922, The Internal Combustion Engine, Vol. I, Blackie and Son Limited, London, pp. 385–414.
Kimura, S., Aoki, O., Ogawa, H., Muranaka, S., and Enomoto, Y., 1999, “New Combustion Concept for Ultra-Clean and High Efficiency Small DI Diesel Engines,” SAE Paper Number 1999-01-3681.
Christensen, M., Johansson, B., and Einewall, P., 1997, “Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Using Isooctane, Ethanol and Natural Gas—A Comparison with Spark Ignited Operation,” SAE Paper Number 972874.
Christensen, M., Johansson, B., Amneus, P., and Mauss, F., 1998, “Supercharged Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition,” SAE Paper Number 980787.
Christensen, M., and Johansson, B., 1998, “Influence of Mixture Quality on Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition,” SAE Paper Number 982454.
Christensen, M., Hultqvist, A., and Johansson, B., 1999, “Demonstrating the Multi Fuel Capability of a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Engine With Variable Compression Ratio,” SAE Paper Number 1999-01-3679.
Christensen, M., and Johansson, B., 1999, “Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition with Water Injection,” SAE Paper Number 1999-01-0182.
Ishibashi, Y., and Asai, M., “Improving the Exhaust Emissions of Two-Stroke Engines by Applying the Activated Radical Combustion,” SAE Paper Number 960742.
Amneus, P., Nilsson, D., Mauss, F., Christensen, M., and Johansson, B., 1998, “Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Engine: Experiments and Detailed Kinetic Calculations,” The Fourth International Symposium on Diagnostics and Modeling of Combustion in Internal Combustion Engines, Engine Systems Division, JSME.
Smith, J. R., Aceves, S. M., Westbrook, C., and Pitz, W., 1997, “Modeling of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) of Methane,” ASME, New York, ICE-Vol. 29-3.
Flowers, D., Aceves, S., Westbrook, C. K., Smith, J. R., and Dibble, R., 1999, “Sensitivity of Natural Gas HCCI Combustion to Fuel and Operating Parameters Using Detailed Kinetic Modeling,” ASME Fall Technical Conference.
Aceves,  S. M., Smith,  J. R., Westbrook,  C. K., and Pitz,  W. J., 1999, “Compression Ratio Effect on Methane HCCI Combustion,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 121, 569.
Aceves, S. M., Flowers, D. L., Westbrook, C. K., Smith, J. R., Pitz, W., Dibble, R., Christensen, M., and Johansson, B., 2000, “A Multi-Zone Model for Prediction of HCCI Combustion and Emissions,” SAE Paper Number 2000-01-0327.
Maigaard, P., Mauss, F., and Kraft, M., 2000, “Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Engine: A Simulation Study on the Effects of Inhomogeneities,” Spring Engine Technology Conference, Internal Combustion Engine Division, ASME, New York.
Fiveland, S. B., and Assanis, D. N., 2000, “A Four-Stroke Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Engine for Combustion and Performance Studies,” SAE Paper Number 2000-01-0332.
Flowers, D., Aceves, S., Smith, R., Torres, J., Girard, J., and Dibble, R., 2000, “HCCI in a CFR Engine: Experiments and Detailed Kinetic Modeling,” SAE Paper Number 2000-01-0328.
Ichikura, et al., 1996, “Combustion Chamber Wall Temperature and Combustion Stability,” Engine Technology and Progress in Japan, Alternative Fuels and Engines, Oct., Chap. 4.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Intake temperature for peak efficiency of two-component fuels
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Operation with methane/butane mixtures
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Cylinder pressure over small range of inlet temperatures
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Thermal efficiency and power ratio for mixtures
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Species evolution for pure methane
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Species evolution for recipe D
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Engine operation in unstable operation
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Species concentration during unstable operation

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