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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Gas Turbines Design and Off-Design Performance Analysis With Emissions Evaluation

[+] Author and Article Information
A. Andreini, B. Facchini

Dipartimento di Energetica “Sergio Stecco”, University of Florence, Via Santa Marta, 3, 50139 Florence, Italy

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 126(1), 83-91 (Mar 02, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1619427 History: Received December 01, 2001; Revised March 01, 2002; Online March 02, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Puri,  R., Stansel,  D. M., Smith,  D. A., and Razdan,  M. K., 1997, “Dry Ultralow NOx ‘Green Thumb’ Combustor for Allison’s 501-K Series Industrial Engines,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 119, pp. 93–101.
Lefebvre, A. H., 1999, Gas Turbine Combustion, 2nd Ed., Taylor and Francis, London.
Yamada,  H., Shimodaira,  K., and Hayashi,  S., 1997, “On-Engine Evaluation of Emissions Characteristics of a Variable Geometry Lean-Premixed Combustor,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 119, pp. 66–69.
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Touchton,  G. L., 1984, “An Experimentally Verified NOx Prediction Algorithm Incorporating the Effects of Steam Injection,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 106, pp. 833–840.
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Rizk,  N. K., and Mongia,  H. C., 1995, “A Semianalytical Emission Model for Diffusion Flame, Rich/Lean and Premixed Lean Combustors,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 117, pp. 290–301.
Facchini, B., Ferrara, G., and Mazzilli, P., 1998, “A Semi-Analytical Approach to Emissions Prediction in Gas Turbine Combustors,” ASME Paper 98-GT-216.
Nicol,  D. G., Steele,  R. C., Marinov,  N. M., and Malte,  P. C., 1995, “The Importance of the Nitrous Oxide Pathway to NOx in Lean-Premixed Combustion,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 117, pp. 100–117.
Shampine, L. F., 1994, Numerical Solutions of Ordinary Differential Equations, Chapman and Hall, New York.
Kee, R. J., Rupley, F. M., and Miller, J. A., 1989, “Chemkin-II: A FORTRAN Chemical Kinetics Package for the Analysis of Gas-Phase Chemical Kinetics,” SAND89-8009, Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA.
Broadwell,  J. E., and Lutz,  A. E., 1998, “A Turbulent Jet Chemical Reaction Model: NOx Production in Jet Flames,” Combust. Flame, 114, pp. 319–335.
Mellor, A. M., 1990, “Design of Modern Gas Turbine Combustor,” Academic Press, London.
Clayes,  J. P., Elward,  K. M., Mick,  W. J., and Symonds,  R. A., 1993, “Combustion System Performance and Field Test Results of the MS7001F Gas Turbine,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 115, pp. 537–546.
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Figures

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Chemical reactor network for conventional diffusion flame combustors
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Chemical reactor network for lean-premixed combustors
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Combustion chamber geometric modeling
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Block diagram for code linkage visualization
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Scheme of MS7001F combustor, 16
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Experimental and computed NOx trend for MS 7001F GT
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Experimental and computed CO trend for MS 7001F GT
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Experimental and computed UHC trend for MS 7001F GT
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Experimental and computed NOx trend with steam injection
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Experimental and computed CO trend with steam injection
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Experimental and computed NOx trend with water injection
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Lean-premixed combustor for GE “LM” gas turbine series, 18
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Exp. and comp. NOx in LM 2500DLE GT
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Exp. and comp. CO in LM 2500DLE GT
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Tested variable geometry systems
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NOx emissions trend in PGT5B GT
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CO emissions trend in PGT5B GT
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Reactor network for RQL-2 combustor
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NOx emissions in RQL-2 combustor
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CO emissions in RQL-2 combustor

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