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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Effect of Optimization Criteria on Direct-Injection Homegeneous Charge Compression Ignition Gasoline Engine Performance and Emissions Using Fully Automated Experiments and Microgenetic Algorithms

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Canakci

Technical Education Faculty, Kocaeli University, Izmit 41100, Turkey  

R. D. Reitz

Engine Research Center, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 126(1), 167-177 (Mar 02, 2004) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1635395 History: Received March 01, 2002; Revised January 01, 2003; Online March 02, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

EPA Document, 2000, “Heavy-Duty Engine and Vehicle Standards and Highway Diesel Fuel Sulfur Control Requirements,” EPA Document #: EPA420-F-00-057, Dec.
Marriott, C. D., 2001, “An Experimental Investigation of Direct Injection for Homogeneous and Fuel-Stratified Charge Compression Ignited Combustion Timing Control,” M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI.
Kong, S-C., Marriott, C. D., Reitz, R. D., and Christensen, M., 2001, “Modeling and Experiments of HCCI Engine Combustion Using Detailed Chemical Kinetics with Multidimensional CFD,” SAE Paper 2001-01-1026.
Canakci, M., and Reitz, R. D., 2002, “Experimental Optimization of a DI-HCCI-Gasoline Engine Using Split Injections With Fully-Automated Micro-Genetic Algorithms,” Int. J. of Engine Research, 4 (1), pp. 47–60.
Marriott, C. D., Kong, S-C., and Reitz, R. D., 2002, “Investigation of Hydrocarbon Emissions From Direct Injection-Gasoline Premixed Charge Compression Ignited Engine,” SAE Paper 2002-01-0419.
Marriott, C. D., and Reitz, R. D., 2002, “Experimental Investigation of Direct Injection-Gasoline for Premixed Compression Ignited Combustion Phasing Control,” SAE Paper 2002-01-0418.
Montgomery, D. T., and Reitz, R. D., 1996, “Six-Mode Cycle Evaluation of the Effect of EGR and Multiple Injections on Particulate and NOx Emissions from a D.I. Diesel Engine,” SAE Paper 960316.
Senecal P. K., and Reitz, R. D., 2000, “Simultaneous Reductions of Engine Emissions and Fuel Consumption Using Genetic Algorithms and Multi-Dimensional Spray and Combustion Modeling,” SAE Paper 2000-01-1890.
Montgomery, D. T., and Reitz, R. D., 2001, “Effects of Multiple Injections and Flexible Control of Boost and EGR on Emissions and Fuel Consumption of a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine,” SAE Paper 2001-01-0195.
Thiel, M. P., 2001, “Application of Automated Experiments to the Optimization of a Heavy-Duty Direct Injected Diesel Engine for the Simultaneous Reduction of NOx and Particulate Emissions,” M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI.
Goldberg, D. E., 1989, “Genetic Algorithms In Search, Optimization and Machine Learning,” Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
Senecal, P. K., 2000, “Development of a Methodology for Internal Combustion Engine Design Using Multi-Dimensional Modeling With Validation Through Experiments,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI.
Carroll,  D. L., 1996, “Genetic Algorithms and Optimizing Chemical Oxygen-Iodine Lasers,” Developments in Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 18, p. 411.
Thiel, M. P., Klingbeil, A. E., and Reitz, R. D., 2002, “Experimental Optimization of a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Using Automated Generic Algorithms,” SAE Paper 2002-01-0960.
BP Amoco Indolene Manufacturer Test Sheet.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Engine laboratory setup
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Comparison of the in-cylinder characteristics of the baseline and optimum case with merit from Eq. (1)
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Merit value versus generation number for merit determined from Eq. (1)
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BSFC versus NOx data with merit from Eq. (1)
Grahic Jump Location
PM versus NOx data with merit from Eq. (1)
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Combustion efficiency versus NOx+HC data with merit from Eq. (1)
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of the in-cylinder characteristics of the baseline and optimum cases from Eq. (2)
Grahic Jump Location
Merit value versus generation number from Eq. (2)
Grahic Jump Location
BSFC versus NOx data from Eq. (2)
Grahic Jump Location
PM versus NOx data from Eq. (2)
Grahic Jump Location
Combustion efficiency versus NOx+HC data from Eq. (2)
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of the in-cylinder characteristics of the baseline and optimum cases with merit from Eq. (3)
Grahic Jump Location
Merit value versus generation number for merit determined from Eq. (3)
Grahic Jump Location
BSFC versus NOx data with merit from Eq. (3)
Grahic Jump Location
PM versus NOx data with merit from Eq. (3)
Grahic Jump Location
Combustion efficiency versus NOx+HC data with merit from Eq. (3)

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