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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Electric Power

Gas Turbine Test Parameters Corrections Including Operation With Water Injection

[+] Author and Article Information
K. Mathioudakis

Laboratory of Thermal Turbomachines, National Technical University of Athens, P.O. Box 64069, Athens 15710, Greece

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 126(2), 334-341 (Jun 07, 2004) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1691443 History: Received December 01, 2001; Revised March 01, 2002; Online June 07, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Volponi,  A., 1998, “Gas Turbine Parameter Corrections,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-347.
ISO 2314, 1989, Gas Turbine Acceptance Tests.
ASME PTC22-1997, Performance Test Code for Gas Turbines.
Cloyd, S. T., and Harris A. J., 1995, “Gas Turbine Performance. New Application and Test Correction Curves,” ASME Paper No. 95-GT-167.
Krampf, F. M., 1992, “A Practical Guide for Gas Turbine Performance Field and Test Data Analysis,” ASME Paper No. 92-GT-427.
Lorisika, G., 1985, “Gas Turbine Performance and Efficiency Test ISO Standard and Measuring Tolerances,” Swer’s Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook, Vol. III, Turbomachinery International Publications.
ANSI B 133.6, 1976, Procurement Standard for Gas Turbine Ratings and Performance.
Walsh, P. P., and Fletcher, P., 1998, Gas Turbine Performance, Blackwell Science, Ltd., London.
Brooks, F. J., “GE Gas Turbine Performance Characteristics,” GE Reference Library, publication GER 3567H.
Mathioudakis,  K., 2002, “Analysis of the Effects of Water Injection on the Performance of a Gas Turbine,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 124, pp. 489–495.
Shaw,  H., 1974, “The Effects of Water, Pressure, and Equivalence Ratio on Nitric Oxide Production in Gas Turbines,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 96, pp. 240–246.
Koch,  H., and Felix,  P., 1977, “Exhaust Gas Emissions of Brown Boveri Gas Turbines,” Brown Boveri Rev., 64, pp. 27–33.
Schetter, B., 1993, “Gas Turbine Combustion and Emission Control,” Combined Cycles for Power Plants, Von Karman Institute Lecture Series 1993-08.
Pavri, R., and Moore, G. D., “Gas Turbine Emissions and Control,” GE Reference Library, publication GER 4211.
Lefebvre,  A. H., 1995, “The Role of Fuel Preparation in Low Emission Combustion,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 117, pp. 617–654.
Mathioudakis,  K., Stamatis,  A., Tsalavoutas,  A., and Aretakis,  N., 2001, “Performance Analysis of Industrial Gas Turbines for Engine Condition Monitoring,” Proceedings Of The Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A, Journal of Power and Energy, 215(A2), Mar. pp. 173–184.

Figures

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Power and heat rate dependence on ambient temperature
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Power and exhaust gases mass flow rate. Dependence on ambient pressure.
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Fractional change of power and efficiency for dry and wet operation of a single-shaft gas turbine
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Compressor operating point for dry and wet operation and its movement for a change in ambient temperature (constant mechanical speeds)
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Block diagram for writing equations (a) compressor, (b) turbine, (c) combustor
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Layout of gas turbine for heat balance calculations. Quantities measured during performance testing are contained in boxes with callouts at measuring location.
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Power output and efficiency variation in function of water-to-fuel ratio, at full-load turbine inlet temperature
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Efficiency versus TIT for different amounts of injected water
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Power output versus TIT for different amounts of injected water
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Water-to-fuel ratio for the points of Fig. 9
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Efficiency versus power for different amounts of injected water. (indicates specified lower limit values).
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Comparing water flow rates to guaranteed values. Load points A–50%, B–75%, C–100%(1), D–100%(2). (indicates specified limit values).
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Typical form of power and efficiency variations in function of the amount of injected water
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Efficiency versus power, to check values at a specific load. Dry operation. ( indicates specified lower limit values).
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Use of test data to verify base load and peak load conditions. (indicates specified limit values).
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Dependence of EGT and exhaust gases mass flow rate con ambient temperature
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Dependence of power and efficiency on ambient humidity

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