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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

Emissions Performance of the Parker Macrolaminate Premixer Tested Under Simulated Engine Conditions

[+] Author and Article Information
Adel Mansour, Michael A. Benjamin

Parker Hannifin Corporation, Gas Turbine Fuel Systems Division, 9200 Tyler Boulevard, Mentor, OH 44060

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 126(3), 465-471 (Aug 11, 2004) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1762907 History: Received October 01, 2002; Revised March 01, 2003; Online August 11, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Appelton, J. P., and Heywood, J. B., 1972, “The Effects of Imperfect Fuel-Air Mixing in a Burner on NO Formation From Nitrogen in the Air and the Fuel,” 14th International Symposium on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, pp. 777–786.
Lyons,  V. J., 1982, “Fuel/Air Non-Uniformity Effects on Nitric Oxide Emissions,” AIAA J., 20, pp. 660–665.
Cowell, L. H., Rajput, A., and Rawlins, D. C., 1996, “Development of a Dual-Fuel Injection System for Lean Premixed Industrial Gas Turbines,” ASME Paper No. 96-GT-195.
Smith, K. O., and Cowell, L. H., 1989, “Experimental Evaluation of Liquid-Fueled, Lean-Premixed Gas Turbine Combustor,” ASME Paper No. 89-GT-264.
McVey, J. B., and Kennedy, J. B., 1980, “Lean Stability Augmentation Study,” J. Energy, 4 .
Snyder, S. S., Rosfjord, T. J., McVey, J. B., and Chiappetta, L. M., 1994, “Comparison of Fuel/Air Mixing and NOX Emissions for Tangential Entry Nozzle,” ASME Paper No. 94-GT-283.
Richards,  G. A., and Janus,  M. C., 1998, “Characterization of Oscillations During Premix Gas Turbine Combustion,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 120, pp. 294–302.
Straub, D. L., and Richards, G. A., 1998, “Effect of Fuel Nozzle Configuration on Premix Combustion Dynamics,” ASME Paper No. 98-GT-492.
Lieuwen, T., and Zinn, B. T., 1998, “Theoretical Investigation of Combustion Instability Mechanisms in Lean Premixed Gas Turbines,” AIAA Paper No. 98-0641.
Mansour,  A., Benjamin,  M., Straub,  D. L., and Richards,  G. A., 2001, “Application of Macrolamination Technology to Lean, Premixed Combustion,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 123, pp. 796–803.
Putnam, A. A., 1971, Combustion Driven Oscillations in Industry, Elsevier, New York.
Mahan, J. R., and Karchmer, A., 1991, “Combustion Core Noise,” Aeroacoustics of Flight Vehicles: Theory and Practice, Volume 1: Noise Sources, NASA Langley Research Center, AIAA Technical Library.
Leonard, G., and Stegmaier, J., 1993, “Development of an Aeroderivative Gas Turbine Dry Low Emissions Combustion System,” ASME Paper No. 93-GT-288.
Lee, J. C. Y., Malte, P. C., and Benjamin, M. A., 2001, “Low NOX Combustion for Liquid Fuels: Atmospheric Pressure Experiments Using a Staged Prevaporizer-Premixer,” ASME Paper No. 2001-GT-0081.
Lee, J. C. Y., 2000, “Reduction of NOX Emission for Lean Prevaporized-Premixed Combustors,” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Figures

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NOx emission profiles for the Parker Premixer B under various simulated engine operating conditions
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Emissions performance for the Parker Premixer B under various simulated engine operating conditions
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Simulated high load conditions (PCD=162 psig,T2=681°F,ΔP/P=4.0%) with Premixer B
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Simulated part-load conditions (PCD=99 psig,T2=574°F,ΔP/P=3.2%) with Premixer B
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Simulated no-load conditions (PCD=119 psig,T2=595°F,ΔP/P=3.2%) with Premixer B
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Cross section of the Parker macrolaminate premixer
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Schematic of the single injector, high-pressure combustion rig
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Range of fuel transport times
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NOx emission profiles for the Parker Premixer A under various simulated engine operating conditions and the University of Washington jet stirred reactor (JSR)
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Emissions performance for the Parker Premixer A under various simulated engine operating conditions
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Simulated high load conditions (PCD=162 psig,T2 681°F) with Premixer A
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Simulated part load conditions (PCD=99 psig,T2=574°F) with Premixer A

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