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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Controls, Diagnostics, and Instrumentation

Fault Detection and Identification in an IM270 Gas Turbine Using Measurements for Engine Control

[+] Author and Article Information
Masahiro Kurosaki, Tadashi Morioka, Kosuke Ebina, Masatoshi Maruyama, Tomoshige Yasuda, Makoto Endoh

Research and Engineering Division, Aero-Engine and Space Operations, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Mizuho-machi, Nishitama-gun, Tokyo 190-1297, Japan

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 126(4), 726-732 (Nov 24, 2004) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1787515 History: Received October 01, 2002; Revised March 01, 2003; Online November 24, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Urban, L. A., 1972, “Gas Path Analysis Applied to Turbine Engine Condition Monitoring,” AIAA/SAE Paper 72–1082.
Doel,  D. L., 1994, “TEMPER—A Gas Path Analysis Tool for Commercial Jet Engines,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 116, pp. 82–89.
Volponi, A. J., 1982, “A Large Measurement Error Recovery Algorithm for Gas Turbine Module Performance Analysis,” Hamilton Standard Report No. 3430.
Doel, D. L., 2002, “Interpretation of Weighted-Least-Squares Gas Path Analysis Results,” ASME Paper GT-2002-30025.
Aretakis, N., Mathioudakis, K., and Stamatis, A., 2002, “Non-Linear Engine Component Fault Diagnosis From a Limited Number of Measurements Using a Combinatorial Approach,” ASME Paper GT-2002-30031.
Kobayashi, H., Tugumi, S., Yonezawa, Y., and Imamura, R., 1996, “2MW Class High Efficiency Gas Turbine IM270 for Co-Generation Plants,” ASME Paper 96-GT-001.
Yonezawa, Y., Imamura, R., and Kobayashi, H., 1998, “Development of 2MW Class Gas Turbine IM270 for Co-Generation Plants,” Proc. 22th CIMAC.
Sellers, J. F., and Daniele, C. J., 1975, “DYNGEN—A Program for Calculating Steady-State and Transient Performance of Turbojet and Turbofan Engines,” NASA TN D-7901.

Figures

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Schematic of engine components and sensors
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Schematic of model components
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Comparison of model results to engine test data: (a) compressor discharge pressure; (b) turbine outlet temperature; (c) fuel mass flow rate
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Linear dependency of compressor fault and turbine fault
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Linear dependency of compressor fault for fixed turbine faults
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Linear dependency of compressor fault with compressor discharge temperature
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Magnitude of measurement deviation due to compressor and turbine fault
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Correct identification ratio: (a) ratio for compressor fault; (b) ratio for turbine fault
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Time history of correction factor deviation
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Time history of average magnitude of pseudoparameter deviation vectors
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Compressor fault detection: (a) time history of compressor fault phase; (b) time history of compressor fault magnitude; (c) polar diagram of compressor fault
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Turbine fault detection: (a) time history of turbine fault phase; (b) time history of turbine fault magnitude; (c) polar diagram of turbine fault
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Time history of identification error: (a) absolute identification error; (b) relative identification error

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