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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Structures and Dynamics

Turbocharger Unstable Operation Diagnosis Using Vibroacoustic Measurements

[+] Author and Article Information
N. Aretakis, K. Mathioudakis, M. Kefalakis, K. Papailiou

Laboratory of Thermal Turbomachines, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechniou 9, Athens 15773, Greece

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 126(4), 840-847 (Nov 24, 2004) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1771686 History: Received October 01, 2002; Revised March 01, 2003; Online November 24, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Kang, J. S., and Kang, S. H., 2001, “Stall Inception in a High Speed Centrifugal Compressor,” ASME Paper 2001-FT-0301.
Pampreen, R. C., 1993, Compressor Surge and Stall, Concepts ETI.
Ribi, B., 1996, Instability Phenomena in Centrifugal Compressors (von Karman Institute Lecture Series), VKI LS 1996-01, Jan 15–19.
Gravdhl, J. T., and Engeland, O., 1999, Compressor Surge and Rotating Stall, Springer-Verlag, London.
Gravdahl, J. T., and Egeland, O. E., 1999, Compressor Surge and Rotating Stall: Modeling and Control, Springer, London.
Bently, D., Goldman, P., and Yuan, J., 2001, Rotor Dynamics of Centrifugal Compressor in Rotating Stall, Orbit 2Q01, pp. 40–50.
Bently, D., and Goldman, P., 2000, Vibrational Diagnostics of Rotating Stall in Centrifugal Compressors, Orbit 1Q01, pp. 32–40.
Teeling, S., 1998, Using Data Manger 2000 to Remotely Diagnose Compressor Rotating Stall, Orbit, Dec., pp. 26–29.
Wang, Y. Y., 2001, “Turbocharger Compressor Diagnostic System,” U.S. Patent 6,298,718, Oct.
Beaverson, G. K., Schnetzka, H. R., and Frank, T. M., 1999, “Methods and Apparatus for Detecting Surge in Centrifugal Compressors,” U.S. Patent 5894736, Apr.
Haugen, R. L., and Kann, M. J., 2001, “Method for Detecting the Occurrence of Surge in a Cetrifugal Compressor by Detecting the Change in the Mass Flow Rate,” US patent No 6213724, Apr.
Chesse,  P., Hetet,  J. F., Tauzia,  X., Roy,  P., and Inozu,  B., 2000, “Performance Simulation of Sequentially Turbocharged Marine Diesel Engines With Applications to Compressor Surge,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 122, pp. 562–569.
Aretakis, N., and Mathioudakis, K., 1996, “Radial Compressor Fault Identification Using Dynamic Measurement Data,” ASME Paper 96-GT-102.
Aretakis,  N., and Mathioudakis,  K., 1998, “Classification of Radial Compressor Faults Using Pattern Recognition Techniques,” Control Eng. Prac.,6, pp. 1217–1223.
Kyrtatos, N., and Watson, N., 1980, “Application of Aerodynamically Induced Prewirl to a Small Turbocharger Compressor,” ASME Paper 80-GT-23.
Loukis, E., Mathioudakis, K., and Papiliou, K.: “A Methodology for the Design of Automated Gas Turbine Diagnostic Systems,” presented at the 38th ASME International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition, May, Cincinnati OH.
Lawless, P. B., and Fleeter, S., 1993, “Rotating Stall Acoustic Signature in a Low Speed Centrifugal Compressor: Part 1—Vaneless Diffuser,” ASME Paper 93-GT-297.
Mongeau,  L., Thompson,  D. E., and McLaughlin,  D. K., 1993, “Sound Generation by Rotating Stall in Centrifugal Turbomachines,” J. Sound Vib., 163(1), pp. 1–30.
Mongeau,  L., Thompson,  D. E., and McLaughlin,  D. K., 1995, “A Method for Characterizing Aerodynamic Sound Sources in Turbomachines,” J. Sound Vib., 181(1), pp. 369–389.

Figures

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Turbocharger test facility schematic
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Close up on the turbocharger under test
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Instruments location for vibroacoustical measurements
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Unsteady flow velocity fluctuation signals for different operating points along compressor characteristic curve
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Acoustic pressure signals for different operating points along compressor characteristic curve
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Acoustic pressure spectra for different operating points along compressor characteristic curve
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Acoustic pressure spectra for different operating points for a constant speed characteristic curve
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Acoustic pressure and Inlet flow velocity rms level along compressor characteristic curve
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Acoustic pressure rms level for different frequency ranges along a compressor characteristic curve
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Inlet flow velocity rms level along compressor characteristic curves
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Acoustic pressure rms level along compressor characteristic curves
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Vertical casing vibration rms level along compressor characteristic curves
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Compressor Φ-Ψ characteristic
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Correlation between acoustic pressure rms level and compressor speed
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Flow chart of a stall and surge diagnostic procedure for a radial compressor
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Correlation between acoustic pressure rms level and compressor speed for turbocharger II

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