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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines

Numerical Analysis and Experimental Investigation of a Common Rail-Type Diesel Injector

[+] Author and Article Information
Marco Coppo, Claudio Dongiovanni, Claudio Negri

Dipartimento di Energetica, Polecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 126(4), 874-885 (Nov 24, 2004) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1787502 History: Received October 15, 2002; Revised September 01, 2003; Online November 24, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Stumpp, G., and Ricco, M., 1996, “Common Rail—An Attractive Fuel Injection System for Passenger Car DI Diesel Engines,” SAE paper 960870.
Boehner, W., and Kummel, K., 1997, “Common Rail Injection System for Commercial Diesel Vehicles,” SAE paper 970345.
Schommers, J., Duvinage, F., Stotz, M., Peters, A., Ellwanger, S., Koyanagi, K., and Gildein, H., 2000, “Potential of Common Rail Injection System for Passenger Car DI Diesel Engines,” SAE paper 2000-01-0944.
Bianchi, G. M., Pelloni, P., and Corcione, E., 2000, “Numerical Analysis of Passenger Car HSDI Diesel Engines With the 2nd Generation of Common Rail Injection Systems: The Effect of Multiple Injections on Emissions,” SAE paper 2001-01-1068.
Flaig, U., Polach, W., and Ziegler, G., 1999, “Common Rail System (CR-System) for Passenger Car DI Diesel Engines; Experiences With Applications for Series Production Projects,” SAE paper 1999-01-0191.
Ganser, M. A., 2000, “Common Rail Injectors for 2000 Bar and Beyond,” SAE paper 2000-01-0706.
Wickman, D. D., Tanin, K. V., Senecal, P. K., Reitz, R. D., Gebert, K., Barkhimer, R. L., and Beck, N. J., 2000, “Methods and Results From the Developmentof a 2600 Bar Diesel Fuel Injection System,” SAE paper 2000-01-0947.
Kohketsu, S., Tanabe, K., and Mori, K., 2000, “Flexibly Controlled Injection Rate Shape With Next Generation Common Rail System for Heavy Duty DI Diesel Engines,” SAE paper 2000-01-0705.
Amoia, V., Ficarella, A., Laforgia, D., De Matthaeis, S., and Genco, C., 1997, “A Theoretical Code to Simulate the Behavior of an Electro-Injector for Diesel Engines and Parametric Analysis,” SAE paper 970349.
Ficarella, A., Laforgia, D., and Landriscina, V., 1999, “Evaluation of Instability Phenomena in a Common Rail Injection System for High Speed Diesel Engines,” SAE paper 1999-01-0192.
Lasa, M., Heinkel, H. M., Moser, E., and Rothfuß, R., 2000, “Expeditious Design of Mechatronic Systems Using a VHDL-AMS Based Standard Element Library—A Common Rail Example,” SAE paper 2000-01-0581.
Gebert, K., Barkhimer, R. L., Beck, N. J., Wickman, D. D., Tanin, K. V., Das, S., and Reitz, R. D., 1998, “An Evaluation of Common Rail, Hydraulically Intensified Diesel Fuel Injection System Concepts and Rate Shapes,” SAE paper 981930.
Bianchi, G. M., Pelloni, P., Filicori, F., and Vannini, G., 2000, “Optimization of the Solenoid Valve Behavior in Common-Rail Injection Systems,” SAE paper 2000-01-2042.
Bianchi, G. M., Falfari, S., Pelloni, P., Kong, S. C., and Reitz, R. D., 2002, “Numerical Analysis of High-Pressure Fast-Response Common Rail Injector Dynamics,” SAE paper 2002-01-0213.
Von Kuensberg Sarre, C., Kong, S. C., and Reitz, R. D., 1999, “Modeling the Effects of Injector Nozzle Geometry on Diesel Sprays,” SAE paper 1999-01-0912.
Munson, B. R., Young, D. F., and Okiishi, T. H., 1990, Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, Wiley, New York.
Catania,  A. E., Dongiovanni,  C., Mittica,  A., Badami,  M., and Lovisolo,  F., 1994, “Numerical Analysis vs. Experimental Investigation of a Distribution Type Diesel Fuel Injection System,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 116, pp. 814–830.
Dongiovanni, C., 1997, “Influence of Oil Thermodynamic Properties on the Simulation of a High Pressure Injection System by Means of a Refined Second Order Accurate Implicit Algorithm,” ATA Automotive Engineering, pp. 530–541.
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Klopfenstein,  R. W., 1971, “Numerical Differentiation Formulas for Stiff Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations,” RCA Rev., 32, pp. 447–462.
LeVeque, R. J., 1990, Numerical Methods for Conservation Laws, Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel.

Figures

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Injection system layout
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Injector equivalent hydraulic circuit
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Control valve and relative equivalent hydraulic circuit
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Control piston-nozzle and relative equivalent hydraulic circuit
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Schematic of dynamic model of control piston needle
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Schematic of dynamic model of control valve
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Equivalent magnetic circuit
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Layout of the analyzed system
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Injector energizing current—model input
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Measured rail pressure versus reference value
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Test A (pr=135 MPa, ET=730 μs)
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Test B (pr=135 MPa, ET=280 μs)
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Test C (pr=80 MPa, ET=700 μs)
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Test D (pr=80 MPa, ET=300 μs)
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Theoretical effect of the control volume feeding hole
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Theoretical effect of the control volume discharge hole
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Theoretical effect of the control volume capacity
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Effect of control volume holes inlet geometry

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