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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Cycle Innovations

Prediction of the Transient Thermodynamic Response of a Closed-Cycle Regenerative Gas Turbine

[+] Author and Article Information
T. Korakianitis

University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UKe-mail: t.Alexander@mech.gla.ac.uk

J. I. Hochstein

Memphis State University, Memphis, TN 38152

D. Zou

Department of Physical Therapy, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 127(1), 57-64 (Feb 09, 2005) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1806449 History: Received December 01, 1992; Revised March 01, 1993; Online February 09, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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References

Korakianitis,  T., and Wilson,  D. G., 1994, “Models for Predicting the Performance of Brayton-Cycle Engines,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 116, pp. 381–388.
Korakianitis,  T., and Beier,  K. J., 1994, “Investigation of the Part-Load Performance of Two 1.12 MW Regenerative Marine Gas Turbines,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 116, pp. 418–423.
Korakianitis,  T., Papagiannidis,  P., and Vlachopoulos,  N., 2002, “Unsteady-Flow/Quasi-Steady Heat Transfer Computations on a Turbine Rotor and Comparison With Experiments,” ASME J. Turbomach., 124, pp. 152–159.
Kuhlberg, J. F., Sheppard, D. E., King, E. O., and Baker, J. R., 1969, “The Dynamic Simulation of Turbine Engine Compressors,” AIAA Paper No. 69-486.
Kalnitsky,  K. C., and Kwatny,  H. G., 1981, “A First Principles Model for Steam Turbine Control Analysis,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 103, pp. 61–68.
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Corbett,  A. G., and Elder,  R. L., 1974, “Stability of an Axial Flow Compressor With Steady Inlet Conditions,” J. Mech. Eng. Sci., 16, pp. 377–385.
Macdougal,  I., and Elder,  R. L., 1983, “Simulation of Centrifugal Compressor Transient Performance for Process Plant Applications,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 105, pp. 885–890.
Ray,  A., and Bowman,  H. F., 1976, “A Nonlinear Dynamic Model of a Once-Through Subcritical Steam Generator,” ASME J. Dyn. Syst., Meas., Control, 98, pp. 332–339.
Fink,  D. A., Cumpsty,  N. A., and Greitzer,  E. M., 1992, “Surge Dynamics in a Free-Spool Centrifugal Compressor System,” ASME J. Turbomach., 114, pp. 321–332.
Rocketdyne, 1986, “Space Station Work Package WP-04 Power System Preliminary Analysis and Design Document,” Rocketdyne RI/RD85-320-2, December.
Rocketdyne, 1989, “Allied-Signal Interim Design Review for the CBC/PGS for the NASA Space Station Freedom,” Rocketdyne Report No. 41-9311, November.
Heywood, J. B., 1988, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Kays, W. M., and London, A. L., 1984, Compact Heat Exchangers, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Figures

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Heat-exchanger finite-difference scheme
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Radiator finite-difference scheme
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Instantaneous-response turbomachinery/transient heat exchangers. System response to double step in Tsl.
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Instantaneous-response turbomachinery/transient heat exchangers. System response to sinusoidal variation in Tsl.
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System response to sinusoidal variation in Tsl. A comparison of system models with instantaneous-response turbomachinery (dashed lines) and with transient turbomachinery models (solid lines).
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System response to sinusoidal variation in Tsl. A comparison of constant and variable rotational speed models.
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Schematic of the solar-powered closed regenerative Brayton-cycle engine
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Temperature-entropy diagram for the regenerative Brayton cycle. (The value of S1 is arbitrary.)

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