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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Cycle Innovations

Using Hydrogen as Gas Turbine Fuel

[+] Author and Article Information
Paolo Chiesa, Giovanni Lozza

Dipartimento di Energetica, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy

Luigi Mazzocchi

CESI, Milano, Italy

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 127(1), 73-80 (Feb 09, 2005) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1787513 History: Received October 01, 2002; Revised March 01, 2003; Online February 09, 2005
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Kreutz, T. G. et al., 2002, “Production of Hydrogen and Electricity From Coal With CO2 Capture,” Proc. of the Sixth International Conference on “Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies”, Kyoto, Japan.
Lozza, G., and Chiesa, P., 2002, “CO2 Sequestration Techniques for IGCC and Natural Gas Power Plants: A Comparative Estimation of Their Thermodynamic and Economic Performance,” Proc. of the Int’l Conference on Clean Coal Technologies (CCT2002), Chia Laguna, Italy.
Drell, I. L., and Belles, F. E., 1957, “Survey of Hydrogen Combustion Properties,” NACA Report 1383, Research Memorandum E57D24.
Huth, H., Heilos, A., Gaio, G., and Karg, J., “Operation Experiences of Siemens IGCC Gas Turbines Using Gasification Products From Coal and Refinery Residues,” ASME paper 2000-GT-0026.
Todd, D. M., and Battista, R. A., 2000, “Demonstrated Applicability of Hydrogen Fuel for Gas Turbines,” Proc. of the IchemE Gasification 4 Conference, Noordwijk, The Netherlands.
Major, B., and Powers, B., 1999, “Cost Analysis of NOx Control Alternatives for Stationary Gas Turbines,” Contract DE-Fc02-97CHIO877.
Lozza,  G., and Chiesa,  P., 2002, “Natural Gas Decarbonization to Reduce CO2 Emission From Combined Cycles. Part A: Partial Oxidation–Part B: Steam-Methane Reforming,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 124(1), pp. 82–95.
Andersen, T., Kvamsdal, H. M., and Bolland, O., 2000, “Gas Turbine CC With CO2 Capture Using Auto-Thermal Reforming of Natural Gas,” ASME paper 2000-GT-0162.
Louis, J. F., 1977, “Systematic Studies of Heat Transfer and Film Cooling Effectiveness,” in AGARD CP-229, Neuilly sur Seine, France.
Chiesa, P., and Macchi, E., 2002, “A Thermodynamic Analysis of Different Options to Break 60% Electric Efficiency in Combined Cycle Power Plants,” ASME paper GT-2002-30663.
Siemens Power Generation website: www.pg.siemens.com
Heilos, A., Huth, M., Bonzani, F., and Pollarollo, G., 1998, “Combustion of Refinery Residual Gas With a Siemens V94.2K Burner,” Power Gen Europe, Milan, Italy.
Huth, M., Vortmeyer, N., Schetter, B., and Karg, J., 1997, “Gas Turbine Experience and Design for Syngas Operation,” Gasification Technology in Practice, Institution of Chemical Engineers, Milan, Italy.
Macchi,  E., Consonni,  S., Lozza,  G., and Chiesa,  P., 1995, “An Assessment of the Thermodynamic Performance of Mixed Gas-Steam Cycles. Part A: Intercooled and Steam-Injected Cycles–Part B: Water-Injected and HAT Cycles,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 117(3), pp. 489–498.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Relation between NOx emission and stoichiometric flame temperature, progressively reduced by steam dilution, for gas turbine diffusive combustion at 12–16 bar with different fuels. Nitrogen is the balance gas for 56% and 95% hydrogen.
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Variation of the SFT and of the inlet volume flow rate and isentropic enthalpy drop of a hydrogen fueled gas turbine with respect to the reference natural gas case. Curves are drawn as a function of the added diluent flow rate: the upper diagram refers to steam, the lower diagram to nitrogen.
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Typical compressor characteristic curve at constant rotational speed. Different lines correspond to different settings of the variable guide vanes angle.
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Typical turbine characteristic curve at constant rotational speed
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Simplified blade cooling model. Blade is assumed as a cross-flow heat exchanger where heat capacity of the outer stream is infinitely larger than the one of the inner stream. Main temperature profiles are reported in the right diagram.
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Temperature–heat-transfer area diagrams showing different situations in the simplified cooling circuit of Fig. 5. Temperature profiles have the same meaning of Fig. 5: from left, they refer to coolant, inner blade wall, outer blade wall, main gas stream. The continuous lines refer to the original situation, the dashed ones to modified conditions.
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(a) Combined cycle net power output, (b) combined cycle net efficiency, (c) total temperature at first rotor inlet (TIT), (d) air flow at compressor inlet, (e) gas turbine pressure ratio, (f) gas turbine/steam cycle power output

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