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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuel

Flow and Thermal Field Measurements in a Combustor Simulator Relevant to a Gas Turbine Aeroengine

[+] Author and Article Information
S. S. Vakil, K. A. Thole

Mechanical Engineering Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 127(2), 257-267 (Apr 15, 2005) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1806455 History: Received October 01, 2002; Revised March 01, 2003; Online April 15, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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References

Barringer, M. D., 2001, “Design and Benchmarking of a Combustor Simulator Relevant to Gas Turbine Engines,” Master’s thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Zimmerman, D. R., 1979, “Laser Anemometer Measurements at the Exit of a T63-C20 Combustor,” National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA Lewis Research Center, Contract No. NAS 3-21267.
Goldstein,  R. J., 1983, “Velocity and Turbulence Measurements in Combustion Systems,” Exp. Fluids, 1, pp. 93–99.
Moss, R. W., 1992, “The Effects of Turbulence Length Scale on Heat Transfer,” Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Report No. OUEL 1924/92.
Cameron,  C., Brouwer,  J., Wood,  C., and Samuelson,  G., 1989, “A Detailed Characterization of the Velocity and Thermal Fields in a Model Can Combustor With Wall Jet Injection,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 111, pp. 31–35.
Gulati,  A., Tolpadi,  A., VanDuesen,  G., and Burrus,  D., 1995, “Effect of Dilution Air on the Scalar Flowfield at Combustor Sector Exit,” J. Propul. Power, 11, pp. 1162–1169.
Holdeman,  J. D., 1993, “Mixing of Multiple Jets With a Confined Subsonic Crossflow,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 19, pp. 31–70.
Stitzel, S. M., 2001, “Flow Field Computations of Combustor-Turbine Interaction in a Gas Turbine Engine,” Master’s thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Malecki, R., Rhie, C., McKinney, R., Ouyang, H., Syed, S., Colket, M., and Madhabushi, R., 2001, “Application of an Advanced CFD-Based Analysis System to the PW6000 Combustor to Optimize Exit Temperature Distribution—Part I: Description and Validation of the Analysis Tool,” ASME Paper No. 2001-GT-0062.
Goebel, S., Abauf, N., Lovett, J., and Lee, C., 1993, “Measurements of Combustor Velocity and Turbulence Profiles,” ASME Paper No. 93-GT-228.
Stevens,  S. J., and Carotte,  J. F., 1990, “Experimental Studies of Combustor Dilution Zone Aerodynamics, Part I: Mean Flowfields,” J. Propul. Power, 6, pp. 297–304.
Liou,  T. M., and Wu,  Y. Y., 1992, “LDV Measurements of the Flowfield in a Simulated Combustor With Axial and Side Inlets,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 5, pp. 401–409.
Barringer,  M. D., Richard,  O. T., Walter,  J. P., Stitzel,  S. M., and Thole,  K. A., 2001, “Flow Field Simulations of a Gas Turbine Combustor,” ASME J. Turbomach., 124, pp. 508–516.
Moffat,  J. R., 1988, “Describing the Uncertainties in Experimental Results,” Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci., 1, pp. 3–17.
Lefebvre, A. H., 1999, Gas Turbine Combustion, Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, PA.

Figures

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Illustration of the wind tunnel facility used for the combustor simulator experiments
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(a) Layout and measurements planes for the combustor simulator (dimensions in cm). (b) Illustration and description of cooling hole arrangement for liners.
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Comparisons of two and three-component LDV profiles measured independently in an overlap location just downstream of the first row of dilution
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Film-cooling thermal field measurements in plane 0p with an average liner flow of I=3,DR=1.1
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Film-cooling thermal field measurements in plane 0p with an average liner flow of I=9,DR=1.1
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Thermal field contours in a streamwise plane through a first row dilution hole (plane 1s) with Lefebvre’s 15 jet penetration correlation
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Thermal field contours in plane 1p
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Measured (a) secondary velocity vectors with contours of u/uin and (b) turbulence levels for plane 1p
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Thermal field contours for plane 2s showing Lefebvre’s 15 jet penetration correlation
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(a), (b) Flow field vectors (left) and contours of turbulence levels (right) for plane 2s, downstream of the second row of dilution jets
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Thermal field contours in plane 2p downstream of the second row of dilution
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Secondary velocity vectors with contours of the streamwise velocities in plane 2p
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(a)–(c) Contours of the rms fluctuations for the flow in plane 2p
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Contours of turbulence levels in plane 2p

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