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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuel

Experimental Study of Surface and Interior Combustion Using Composite Porous Inert Media

[+] Author and Article Information
T. L. Marbach, A. K. Agrawal

School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 127(2), 307-313 (Apr 15, 2005) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1789516 History: Received October 01, 2002; Revised March 01, 2003; Online April 15, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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References

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Sullivan, J. D., Kendall, R. M., and McDougald, N. K., 2000, “Development of a Low Emission Gas Turbine Combustor,” AFRC International Symposium, Newport Beach, CA.
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Viskanta, R., 1995, “Interaction of Combustion and Heat Transfer in Porous Inert Media,” in Transport Phenomena in Combustion, edited by S. H. Chan, pp. 64–87, Taylor and Francis.
Trimis,  D., and Durst,  F., 1996, “Combustion in a Porous Medium-Advances and Applications,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 121, p. 153.
Kotani,  Y., and Takeno,  T., 1982, “An Experimental Study on Stability and Combustion Characteristics of an Excess Enthalpy Flame,” Proc. Combust. Institute,19, pp. 1503–1509.
Hsu,  P. F., Evans,  W. D., and Howell,  J. R., 1993, “Experimental and Numerical Study of Premixed Combustion Within Nonhomogeneous Porous Ceramics,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 90, pp. 149–172.
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Pickenaker,  O., Pickenacker,  K., Wawrzinek,  K., Trimis,  D., Pritzkow,  W. E. C., Muller,  C., Goedtke,  P., Papenburg,  U., Adler,  J., Standke,  G., Heymer,  H., Tauscher,  W., and Jansen,  F., 1999, “Innovative Ceramic Materials for Porous-Medium Burners,” Interceram, 48, pp. 1–12.
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Figures

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Schematic representation of (a) surface combustion, (b) interior combustion
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SiC coated, C–C composite PIM of 4 ppcm
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Schematic diagram of the experimental setup
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Visual images at baseline conditions (a) surface combustion, (b) interior combustion
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Effect of pore size on cold flow pressure drop
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Effect of combustion on pressure drop for baseline configuration (32-8-8-8), Φ=0.6
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Effect of vertical measurement location on emissions (a) NOx and (b) CO
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Effect of horizontal measurement location on emissions (a) NOx and (b) CO
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Effects of mean inlet velocity on emissions from surface combustion, (a) NOx and (b) CO
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Effects of mean inlet velocity on emissions from interior combustion, (a) NOx and (b) CO
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Emissions measurements for the two combustion modes, (a) NOx and (b) CO
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Effect of combustion zone pore size on emission from surface combustion at v=1.0 m/s, (a) NOx and (b) CO
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Effect of combustion zone pore size on emission from interior combustion at v=1.0 m/s, (a) NOx and (b) CO
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Effect of preheat zone pore size on emissions from interior combustion at v=1.0 m/s, (a) NOx and (b) CO

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