TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Combustion and Fuels

A Critical Evaluation of NOx Modeling in a Model Combustor

[+] Author and Article Information
Lei-Yong Jiang, Ian Campbell

Gas Turbine Environmental Research Center, Institute for Aerospace Research, National Research Council Canada, 1200 Montreal Road, M-10, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1A 0R6

Tel.: 613-993-9235

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 127(3), 483-491 (Jun 24, 2005) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1850508 History: Received October 01, 2003; Revised March 01, 2004; Online June 24, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Miller,  J. A., and Bowman,  C. T., 1989, “Mechanism and Modeling of Nitrogen Chemistry in Combustion,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 15, pp. 287–338.
Correa,  S. M., 1992, “A Review of NOx Formation Under Gas-Turbine Combustion Conditions,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 87, pp. 329–362.
Volkov,  D. V., Belokin,  A. A., Lyubimov,  D. A., Zakharov,  V. M., and Opdyke,  G., 2001, “Flamelet Model of NOx in a Diffusion Flame Combustor,” Trans. ASME: J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power,123, pp. 774–778.
Price, G. R., Botros, K. K., and Goldin, G. M., 2001, “CFD Predictions and Field Measurements of NOx Emissions From LM1600 Gas Turbine During Part Load Operation,” ASME Paper No. GT-2000-350.
Eggels, R. L. G. M., 2001, “Modeling of NOx Formation of a Premixed DLE Gas Turbine Combustor,” ASME Paper No. GT-2001-0069.
Cannon, S. M., Zuo, B., and Smith, C. E., 2003, “LES Prediction of Combustor Emissions From a Practical Industrial Fuel Injector,” ASME Paper No. GT-2003-38200.
Kyne, A. G., Pourkashanian, M., Wilson, C. W., and Williams, A., 2002, “Validation of a Flamelet Approach to Modeling 3-D Turbulent Combustion Within an Airspray Combustor,” ASME Paper No. GT-2002-30096.
Campbell, I., “A Comprehensive Experimental Study of a Generic Combustor,” to be published.
Poinsot, T., and Veynante, D., 2001, “Theoretical and Numerical Combustion,” R. T. Edwards, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Yakhot,  V., and Orszag,  S. A., 1986, “Re-Normalization Group Analysis of Turbulence: I. Basic Theory,” J. Sci. Comput., 1(1), pp. 1–51.
Yakhot,  V., Orszag,  S. A., Thangam,  S., Gatski,  T. B., and Speziale,  G. G., 1992, “Development of Turbulence Models for Shear Flows by a Double Expansion Technique,” Phys. Fluids A, 4(7), pp. 1510–1520.
Choudhury, D., 1993, “Introduction to the Renormalization Group Method and Turbulence Modeling,” Fluent Inc. TM-107.
Magnussen, B. F., and Hjertager, B. H., 1976, “On Mathematical Models of Turbulent Combustion With Special Emphasis on Soot Formation and Combustion,” Proceedings of the 16th Symposium on Combustion (International), pp. 719–729.
Bilger,  R. W., 1989, “Turbulent Diffusion Flames,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 21, 101, pp. 101–135.
Westbrook,  C. K., and Dryer,  F. L., 1984, “Chemical Kinetic Modeling of Hydrocarbon Combustion,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 10, pp. 1–57.
Sivathanu,  Y. R., and Faeth,  G. M., 1990, “Generalized State Relationships for Scalar Properties in Non-Premixed Hydrocarbon/Air Flames,” Combust. Flame, 82, pp. 211–230.
Kuo, K. K. Y., 1986, Principles of Combustion, John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Glassman, I., 1987, Combustion, Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Westenberg,  A. A., 1971, “Kinetics of NO and CO in Lean, Premixed Hydrocarbon-Air Flames,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 4, pp. 59–64.
Hanson, R. K., and Salimian, S., 1984, “Survey of Rate Constants in the N/H/O System,” Combustion Chemistry, W. C. Gardiner, ed., Springer, New York.
Bowman, C. T., 1991, “Chemistry of Gaseous Pollutant Formation and Destruction,” Fossil Fuel Combustion, W. Bartok, and A. F. Sarofim, eds., John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Fluent Inc., 2003, “Fluent 6.1 Documentation.”
Warnatz, J., “NOx Formation in High Temperature Processes,” University of Stuttgart, Germany.
Baulch,  D. L., Cobos,  C. J., Cox,  R. A., Esser,  C., Frank,  P., Just,  Th., Kerr,  J. A., Pilling,  M. J., Troe,  J., Walker,  R. W., and Warnatz,  J., 1992, “Evaluated Kinetic Data for Combustion Modeling,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 21(3), pp. 411–734.
De Soete, G. G., 1975, “Overall Reaction Rates of NO and N2 Formation From Fuel Nitrogen,” Proceedings of 15th Symposium (International) on Combustion, pp. 1093–1102.
Bachmaier,  F., Eberius,  K. H., and Just,  T. H., 1973, “The Formation of Nitric Oxide and the Detection of HCN in Premixed Hydrocarbon-Air Flames at 1 Atmosphere,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 7, pp. 77–84.
Dupont,  V., Pourkashanian,  M., Williams,  A., and Woolley,  R., 1993, “The Reduction of NOx Formation in Natural Gas Burner Flames,” Fuel, 72, No. 4, pp. 497–503.
Raithby,  G. D., and Chui,  E. H., 1990, “A Finite-Volume Method for Predicting a Radiant Heat Transfer in Enclosures With Participating Media,” J. Heat Transfer, 112, pp. 415–423.
Jongen, T., 1992, “Simulation and Modeling of Turbulent Incompressible Flows,” Ph.D. thesis, EPF Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
Kader,  B., 1993, “Temperature and Concentration Profiles in Fully Turbulent Boundary Layers,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 24(9), pp. 1541–1544.
Rose, J. W., and Cooper, J. R., 1977, Technical Data on Fuel, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Sislian,  J. P., Jiang,  L. Y., and Cusworth,  R. A., 1988, “Laser Doppler Velocimetry Investigation of the Turbulence Structure of Axisymmetric Diffusion Flames,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 14(2), pp. 99–146.
Ishii,  T., Zhang,  C., and Sugiyama,  S., 2000, “Effects of NO Models on the Prediction of NO Formation in a Regenerative Furnace,” J. Energy Resourc. Technol., 122, pp. 224–228.


Grahic Jump Location
Axial velocity contours and flow path lines
Grahic Jump Location
Axial velocities along the combustor centerline
Grahic Jump Location
Axial velocity profiles at cross sections x=30 mm to 160 mm
Grahic Jump Location
Axial velocity profiles at cross sections x=200 mm to 360 mm
Grahic Jump Location
Upstream temperature contours
Grahic Jump Location
Temperature along the combustor centerline
Grahic Jump Location
Temperature profiles at cross sections x=52 mm to 202 mm
Grahic Jump Location
Temperature profiles at cross sections x=233 mm to 353 mm
Grahic Jump Location
Temperature contours near the flame holder
Grahic Jump Location
Temperature contours near the insulation wall
Grahic Jump Location
No profiles at x=300 mm, PDF combustion model
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison between measured and predicted NO for EDS combustion model
Grahic Jump Location
NO profiles at x=51 mm to 291 mm




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In