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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Cycle Innovations

Thermodynamic and Economic Investigation of an Improved Graz Cycle Power Plant for CO2 Capture

[+] Author and Article Information
Wolfgang Sanz, Herbert Jericha, Mathias Moser, Franz Heitmeir

Institute for Thermal Turbomachinery and Machine Dynamics, Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 25, A-8010 Graz, Austria

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 127(4), 765-772 (Sep 20, 2005) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1850944 History: Received October 01, 2003; Revised March 01, 2004; Online September 20, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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References

Strömberg, L., 2003, “Overview of CO2 Capture and Storage—Technology and Economics for Coal Based Power Generation,” VGB Congress 2003, Copenhagen.
Gabbrielli, R., and Singh, R., 2002, “Thermodynamic Performance Analysis of New Gas Turbine Combined Cycles With No Emissions of Carbon Dioxide,” ASME Paper No. GT-2002-30117.
Turanskyj, L., and Keenan, B. A., 2001, “Turbomachinery for the World’s Largest Nitrogen Plant: Enhanced Oil Recovery to Increase the Output in the Cantarell Oil Field, Mexico,” Exposición Latinoamericana del Petróleo, Maracaibo, Venezuela.
Jericha, H., 1985, “Efficient Steam Cycles With Internal Combustion of Hydrogen and Stoichiometric Oxygen for Turbines and Piston Engines,” CIMAC Conference Paper, Oslo, Norway.
Jericha, H., Sanz, W., Woisetschläger, J., and Fesharaki, M., 1995, “CO2—Retention Capability of CH4/O2 Fired Graz Cycle,” CIMAC Conference Paper, Interlaken, Switzerland.
Jericha, H., and Fesharaki, M., 1995, “The Graz Cycle—1500°C Max Temperature Potential H2-O2 Fired CO2 Capture With CH4-O2 Firing,” ASME Paper No. 95-CTP-79.
Jericha, H., Lukasser, A., and Gatterbauer, W., 2000, “Der “Graz Cycle” für Industriekraftwerke gefeuert mit Brenngasen aus Kohle- und Schwerölvergasung” (in German), VDI Berichte 1566, VDI Conference Essen, Germany.
Jericha, H., and Göttlich, E., 2002, “Conceptual Design for an Industrial Prototype Graz Cycle Power Plant,” ASME Paper No. 2002-GT-30118.
Jericha,  H., Göttlich,  E., Sanz,  W., and Heitmeir,  F., 2003, “Design Optimization of the Graz Cycle Prototype Plant,” J Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 126, pp. 733–740.
Heitmeir, F., Sanz, W., Göttlich, E., and Jericha, H., 2003, “The Graz Cycle—A Zero Emission Power Plant of Highest Efficiency,” XXXV Kraftwerkstechnisches Kolloquium, Dresden, Germany.
SimTech Simulation Technology, 2003, “IpsePro Overview,” http://www.simtechnology.com/IPSEpro
Wagner, W., and Kruse, A., Properties of Water and Steam, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1998.
Sievers, U., 1984, Die thermodynamischen Eigenschaften von Kohlendioxid (in German), VDI Verlag, Düsseldorf, Fortschritt-Berichte VDI, Reihe 6, Energietechnik, Nr. 155.
Jordal, K., Bolland, O., and Klang, A., 2003, “Effects of Cooled Gas Turbine Modelling for the Semi-Closed O2/CO2 Cycle With CO2 Capture,” ASME Paper No. 2003-GT-38067.
David, J., 2000, “Economic Evaluation of Leading Technology Options for Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide,” Master thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.
Göttlicher, G., 1999, Energetik der Kohlendioxidrückhaltung in Kraftwerken (in German), VDI Verlag, Düsseldorf. Fortschritt-Berichte VDI, Reihe 6, Energietechnik, Nr. 421.
Gas Turbine World, 2003, 2003 Handbook for Project Planning, Design and Construction, Pequot Publishing, New Haven, CT.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Principle flow scheme of Graz Cycle power plant
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Principle flow scheme of S-Graz Cycle power plant
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Schematic arrangement of turbomachinery for a 92 MW Graz Cycle power plant
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic arrangement of turbomachinery for a 100 MW S-Graz Cycle power plant
Grahic Jump Location
Influence of capital charge rate on the mitigation costs (CO2 provided at 100 bar)
Grahic Jump Location
Influence of fuel costs on the mitigation costs (CO2 provided at 100 bar)
Grahic Jump Location
Influence of reference plant efficiency on the mitigation costs (CO2 provided at 100 bar)
Grahic Jump Location
Influence of capital costs on the mitigation costs (CO2 provided at 100 bar)
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Detailed thermodynamic cycle data of a 100 MW S-Graz Cycle power plant fired with syngas

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