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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Internal Combustion Engines

The Development of a Dual-Injection Hydrogen-Fueled Engine With High Power and High Efficiency

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Y. Kim, Jong T. Lee

School of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Jangan-gu, Suwon 440-746, Korea

J. A. Caton

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77840

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 128(1), 203-212 (Nov 22, 2005) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1805551 History: Received January 20, 2003; Revised April 23, 2004; Online November 22, 2005
Copyright © 2006 by ASME
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References

Furuhama,  S., 1991, “Trend of Social Requirements and Technical Development of Hydrogen-Fueled Automobiles,” JSME Rev.,13, pp. 4–13.
Blarigan, P. V., Paradiso, N., and Goldsborough, S., 1998, “Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition With a Free Piston: A New Approch to Ideal Otto Cycle Performance,” SAE Technical Paper 982484.
Sxwabowski, S. J., Hashemi, S., Stockhausen, W. F., Natkin, R. J., Reams, L., Kabat, D. M., and Potts, C., 2002, “Ford Hydrogen Engine Powered P2000 Vehicle,” SAE Technical Paper 2002-01-0243.
Nakaijma, Y., Yamane, K., Shudo, T., Hiruma, M., and Takagi, Y., 2000, “Research and Development of a Hydrogen-Fueled Engine for Hybrid Electric Vehicles,” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-0993.
Lutz, A., and Keller, J., 2000, “Hydrogen Fueled Engine in Hybrid Vehicles,” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-0546.
Lynch, F. E., 1974, “Backfire Control Techniques for Hydrogen Fueled Internal Combustion Engines,” Hydrogen Energy, Part B, Proc. World Hydrogen Energy Conference, Miami, International Association for Hydrogen Energy, pp. 686–696.
Lee,  J. T., Kim,  Y. Y., Lee,  C. W., and Caton,  J. A., 2001, “An Investigation of a Cause of Backfire and Its Control Due to Crevice Volumes in a Hydrogen Fueled Engine,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 123, pp. 204–210.
Furuhama,  S., 1977, “Combustion Improvement in a Hydrogen Fueled Engine,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2, pp. 329–340.
Kim, J. M., Kim, Y. T., Lee, J. T., and Lee, S. Y., 1995, “Performance Characteristics of Hydrogen Fueled Engine With the Direct Injection and Spark Ignition System,” SAE Technical Paper No. 952488, pp. 162–175.
Tsujimura, T., Mikami, S., Achiba, N., Tokunaga, Y., Senda, J., and Fujimoto, H., 2003, “A Study of Direct Injection Diesel Engine Fueled With Hydrogen,” SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-1761.
Lee,  J. T., 1996, “Current Status and Characteristics of Hydrogen Fueled Engine,” Trans. KSAE,18, pp. 29–52.
Kim, Y. Y., Park, J. B., and Lee, J. T., 1997, “A Study on Development of Hydrogen Fueled Engine With High Power and High Efficiency,” Proc. 4th KHES-HESS Joint Symposium, Yokohama, Aug., Hydrogen Energy Systems Society, pp. 62–71.
Choi, H. K., Ahn, J. Y., Kim, Y. Y., and Lee, J. T., 1999, “A Basic Study on the Hydrogen Fueled Engine With Dual Injection,” Proc. 5th KHES-HESS Joint Symposium, Taejon, Nov., Korea Hydrogen Energy Society, pp. 237–248.
Kwon,  B. J., Lee,  J. Y., Lee,  J. T., and Lee,  S. Y., 1993, “The Effect of Compression Ratio on Combustion and Performance Characteristics of Direct Injection Spark Ignition Hydrogen Fueled Engine,” Trans. KSAE,1, pp. 17–26.
Lee, J. T., Lee, S. Y., Kim, Y. H., and Lee, J. C., 1988, “A Basic Study on the Development of Hydrogen Fueled Engine,” Proc. KSAE Spring Conference, Korea Society of Automotive Engineering, pp. 59–63.
Nam, S. W., Park, J. B., Choi, K. H., and Lee, J. T., 1995, “Cooling Losses and Heat Flux of Hydrogen Fueled Spark Ignition Engine With Inner Injection,” Proc. of 3rd KHES-HESS Joint Symposium, Sep., pp. 83–91.
Hong, H., Lee, J. T., and Lee, S. Y., 1992, “As Experimental Study on the Suitable Configuration of Injection Hole in Direct Injection Hydrogen Fueled Engine,” KSME-JSME 2nd Thermal Engineering Conference, Vol. 2, Oct., pp. 1–10.
Kondo, T., Hiruma, M., and Furuhama, S., 1996, “A Study on the Mechanism of Backfire in External Mixture Formation Hydrogen Engines,” Proc. WHEC, Vol. III, Stuttgart, June, International Association for Hydrogen Energy, pp. 1547–1556.
Kim, Y. Y., Ryu, T. H., and Lee, J. T., 1998, “Backfire Occurrence by Abnormal Electric Discharge in Hydrogen Fueled Engine,” Proc. of KHES Autumn Annual Meeting, Jinju, May, Korea Hydrogen Energy Society, pp. 105–115.
Eichlseder, H., Wallner, T., Freymann, R., and Ringler, J., 2003, “The Potential of Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engines in a Future Mobility Scenario,” SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-2267.

Figures

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Theoretical p-V diagrams of the dual-injection hydrogen engine cycle for early and late direct-injection timing
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Schematic cutaway diagram of the high-pressure hydrogen injector of ball-valve type with solenoid actuator
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The poppet valve face with a shape of ball in the high-pressure hydrogen injector
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Five types of the injection hole configurations
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The leakage flow rate of the high-pressure hydrogen injector as a function of the number of injections
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Photograph of the dual-injection hydrogen engine
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Schematic diagram of experimental apparatus
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The torque and the intake air flow of the dual-injection hydrogen engine with external mixture
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The torque and the BFL equivalence ratio of the external mixture for each intake injection pressure
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The torque and the brake thermal efficiency of direct-cylinder injection for each injection pressure as a function of injection timing
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The brake thermal efficiency and where backfire occurs for external mixture and direct-cylinder injection with the change of the amount of external mixture
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The heat release per cycle and the fuel-air equivalence ratio of the dual-injection hydrogen engine
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The torque and the thermal efficiency in the transient region with the change of Rfe
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Three types of processes how to change injection method in the transient region
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The comparison of in-cylinder pressure of the dual injection with that of direct cylinder injection
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The combustion duration of the dual-injection hydrogen engine at each Rfe
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The minimum spark advance for best torque of the dual-injection hydrogen engine as a function of load
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The fuel mass flow rate and COVimep of the dual-injection hydrogen engine as a function of load
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The comparison of the torque and the thermal efficiency of the dual-injection engine with that of external mixture and that of direct injection

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