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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Cycle Innovations

Dynamic Simulation of Carbonate Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Hybrid Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Rory A. Roberts, Jack Brouwer

National Fuel Cell Research Center, University of California, Irvine, CA

Eric Liese, Randall S. Gemmen

National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 128(2), 294-301 (Apr 03, 2006) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1852565 History: Received October 01, 2003; Revised March 01, 2004; Online April 03, 2006
Copyright © 2006 by ASME
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References

Lukas, M. D., Lee, K., Y., and Ghezel-Ayagh, H., 1999, “Development of a Stack Simulation Model for Control Study on Direct Reforming Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Power Plant,” IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion, PE-468-EC-0-01-1999.
Costamagna,  P., Magistri,  L., and Massardo,  A. F., 2000, “Design and Part-Load Performance of a Hybrid System Based on a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Reactor and a Micro Gas Turbine,” J. Power Sources, 96, pp. 352–368.
Rao,  A. D., and Samuelsen,  G. S., 2002, “Analysis Strategies for Tubual Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Based Hybrid,” J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 124, pp. 503–509.
Gemmen, R. S., Liese, E., Rivera, J. G., Jabbari, F., and Brouwer, J., 2000, “Development of Dynamic Modeling Tools for Solid Oxide and Molten Carbonate Hybrid Fuel Cell Gas Turbine Systems,” 2000 Proc. ASME Turbo Expo, Munich, Germany, paper no. 2000-GT-0554.
Liese, E. A., Gemmen, R. S., 2002, “Dynamic Modeling Results of a 1 MW Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Power System,” 2002 Proc. ASME Turbo Expo, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, paper no. GT-2002-30110.
Roberts, R. A., Brouwer, J., Gemmen, R., and Liese, E., 2003, “Inter-Laboratory Dynamic Modeling of a Carbonate Fuel Cell for Hybrid Application,” 2003 Proc. ASME Turbo Expo, Atlanta, Georgia, paper no. GT-2003-38774.
Hou,  K. and Hughes,  R., 2000, “The Kinetics of Methane Steam Reforming Over a Ni/a-Al2O Catalyst,” Chem. Eng. J., 82, pp. 311–328.
Weber,  A., Bastain,  S., Muller,  A. C., Herbstriitt,  D., Ivers-Tiffee,  E., 2002, “Oxidation of H2, CO, and Methane in SOFCs With Ni/YSZ-Cermet Anodes,” Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 152–153, pp. 543–550.
Ghezel-Ayagh, H., Daly, J. M., and Wang, Z.-H., 2003, “Advances in Direct Fuel Cell/Gas Turbine Power Plants,” 2003 Proc. ASME Turbo Expo, Atlanta, Georgia, paper no. GT2003-38941.
McDonald, C. F., 2000, “Low Cost Recouperator Concepts for Microturbine Applications,” 2000 Proc. ASME Turbo Expo, Munich, Germany, paper no. 2000-GT-167.
Au,  S. F., McPhail,  S. J., Woudstra,  N., and Hemmes,  K., 2003, “The Influence of Operating Temperature on the Efficiency of a Heat and Power Fuel Cell Plant,” J. Power Sources, 122, pp. 37–46.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
MCFC/GT hybrid power plant schematic
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1.08 m2 fuel cell response and overall hybrid efficiency during an increase of fuel cell voltage 0.76V→0.77V for an open loop system
Grahic Jump Location
Catalytic oxidizer and cathode inlet temperature during an increase of fuel cell voltage 0.76V→0.77V for an open loop system
Grahic Jump Location
Power of fuel cell and gas turbine during an increase of fuel cell voltage 0.76V→0.77V for an open loop system
Grahic Jump Location
1.08 m2 fuel cell response and overall hybrid efficiency during an increase of fuel cell voltage 0.76V→0.77V for a closed system
Grahic Jump Location
Catalytic oxidizer and cathode inlet temperature response during an increase of fuel cell voltage 0.76V→0.77V for a closed system
Grahic Jump Location
Power of fuel cell and gas turbine during an increase of fuel cell voltage 0.76V→0.77V for a closed system
Grahic Jump Location
Temperature profile in the MCFC during the open loop voltage perturbation

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