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TECHNICAL PAPERS: Gas Turbines: Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery

Design and Off-Design Analysis of a MW Hybrid System Based on Rolls-Royce Integrated Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

[+] Author and Article Information
Loredana Magistri, Aristide F. Massardo

Thermochemical Power Group, Department of Energy Systems, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy

Michele Bozzolo, Olivier Tarnowski, Gerry Agnew

Fuel Cell Systems, Rolls-Royce, Derby, UK

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 129(3), 792-797 (Jul 11, 2007) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1839917 History: Received October 01, 2002; Revised March 01, 2003; Online July 11, 2007
Copyright © 2007 by ASME
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References

Massardo,  A. F., and Lubelli,  F., 2000, “Internal Reforming Solid Oxide Fuel Cell-Gas Turbine Combined Cycles. Part A,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 122, pp. 1–27.
Campanari,  S., and Macchi,  E., 1999, ASME Paper No. 99-GT-84.
Leo,  A. J., Ghezel-Ayagh,  H., and Sanderson,  R., 2000, “Ultra High Efficiency Hybrid Direct Fuel Cell/Turbine Power Plant,” ASME Paper No. 2000-GT-0552.
Harvey,  S. P., and Ritcher,  H. J., 1993, “A Detailed Study of a Gas Turbine Cycle With an Integrated Internal Reforming Solid Oxide Fuel Cell,” ASME J. Energy Resour. Technol.
Layne,  A., Samuelsen,  S., Williams,  M., and Holcombe,  N., 2001, “Hybrid Fuel Cell Heat Engines: Recent Efforts,” ASME Paper No. 2001-GT-0588.
Bohn,  D., Poppe,  N., and Lepers,  J., 2002, “Assessment of the Potential of Combined Micro Gas Turbine and High Temperature Fuel Cell Systems,” ASME Paper No. GT-2002-30112.
Costamagna,  P., Bozzo,  R., Magistri,  L., and Massardo,  A. F., 2002, “Simplified Versus Detailed Sofc Reactor Models and Influence on the Simulation of the Design Point Performance of Hybrid Systems,” ASME Paper No. GT-2002-30653.
Costamagna, P., Selimovic A., Bozzo, R., and Agnew, G., 2002, “Theoretical and Experimental Evaluation of a New Fuel Cell Concept: The Integrated Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (IP-SOFC),” accepted for presentation at “ISCRE 17” Hong Kong, August 2002.
Gardner,  F. J., Day,  M. J., Brandon,  N. P., Pashley,  M. N., and Cassidy,  M., 1999, “SOFC Technology Development at Rolls-Royce,” J. Power Sources, 86.
Costamagna,  P., Magistri,  L., and Massardo,  A. F., 2001, “Design and Part-Load Performance of a Hybrid System Based on a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Reactor and a Micro Gas Turbine,” J. Power Sources, 96, p. 352.
Tarnowski, O. C., Agnew, G. D., Bozzolo, M., Massardo, A., Magistri, L., and Palsson, J., 2002, “Atmospheric and Pressurized Cycles for 1–2 MWe SOFC/GT Hybrid Systems,” 5th European SOFC Forum, Luzern (CH), 1–5 July, 2002.
Agnew, G., PWP, 2002, Fuel Cells for Marine Applications, ASME TURBOEXPO 2002, Amsterdam (NL).
Agnew, G., Moritz, 2000, PowerGen Conference, USA.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Hybrid system simplified lay-out
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(a) Temperature distribution inside the stack. (b) Temperature distribution inside the stack.
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Influence of ambient temperature without control system
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Influence of ambient temperature on FC temperature
Grahic Jump Location
Influence of ambient temperature with control system
Grahic Jump Location
Hybrid system part load efficiency
Grahic Jump Location
Fuel cell part load efficiency

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