Research Papers: Nuclear Power

Flow and Mass Transfer in Bends Under Flow-Accelerated Corrosion Wall Thinning Conditions

[+] Author and Article Information
John M. Pietralik

Component Life Technology Branch, Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Chalk River, ON, K0J 1J0, Canadapietralj@aecl.ca

Chris S. Schefski

Component Life Technology Branch, Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., Chalk River, ON, K0J 1J0, Canadaschefskc@aecl.ca

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 133(1), 012902 (Sep 24, 2010) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4001061 History: Received August 12, 2009; Revised September 09, 2009; Published September 24, 2010; Online September 24, 2010

The three groups of parameters that affect flow-accelerated corrosion (FAC) are the flow conditions, water chemistry, and materials. Nuclear power plant (NPP) data and laboratory tests confirm that, under alkaline water chemistry, there is a close relationship between local flow conditions and FAC rates in the piping components. The knowledge of the local flow effects can be useful for developing targeted inspection plans for piping components and predicting the location of the highest FAC rate for a given piping component. A similar evaluation applies also to the FAC in heat transfer equipments such as heat exchangers and steam generators. The objective of this paper is to examine the role of the flow and mass transfer in bends under alkaline FAC conditions. Bends experience increased FAC rates compared with straight pipes, and are the most common components in piping systems. This study presents numerical simulations of the mass transfer of ferrous ions and experimental results of the FAC rate in bends. It also shows correlations for mass transfer coefficients in bends and reviews the most important flow parameters affecting the mass transfer coefficient. The role of bend geometry and, in particular, the short and long radii, surface roughness, wall shear stress, and local turbulence, is discussed. Computational fluid dynamics calculations and plant artifact measurements for short- and long-radius bends are presented. The effect of the close proximity of the two bends on the FAC rate is also examined based on CANDU (CANDU is a registered trademark of the Atomic Energy of Canada Limited) NPP inspection data and compared with literature data.

Copyright © 2011 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 2

Large-radius bend comparison of the (a) measured FAC rate and (b) MTC from numerical simulations

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Figure 3

Histogram of all NPP data

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Figure 4

FAC rate versus Reynolds number for short-proximity distances (L/D<1)

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Figure 5

Close-proximity effect versus proximity distance and Reynolds number

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Figure 6

Close-proximity effect versus nondimensional distance for all data points

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Figure 1

Short-radius bend comparison of the (a) measured FAC rate (17) and (b) MTC from numerical simulations (1)



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