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Research Papers: Nuclear Power

Recent Advances in Nuclear Based Hydrogen Production With the Thermochemical Copper-Chlorine Cycle

[+] Author and Article Information
G. F. Naterer, Z. Wang, Y. Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, ON, L1H 7K4, Canada

K. Gabriel

Research, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, ON, L1H 7K4, Canada

L. Lu

Faculty of Energy Systems and Nuclear Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, ON, L1H 7K4, Canada

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 131(3), 032905 (Feb 19, 2009) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3078787 History: Received August 16, 2008; Revised August 21, 2008; Published February 19, 2009

This paper presents a review of recent advances in nuclear-based hydrogen production with a thermochemical copper-chlorine cycle. Growing attention has focused on thermochemical water decomposition as a promising alternative to steam-methane reforming for a sustainable future method of large-scale hydrogen production. Recent advances in specific processes within the Cu–Cl cycle will be presented, particularly for overall heat requirements of the cycle, preferred configurations of the oxygen cell, disposal of molten salt, electrochemical process of copper electrowinning, and safety/reliability assessment of the systems. An energy balance for each individual process is formulated and results are presented for heat requirements of the processes.

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Copyright © 2009 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Conceptual layout of the Cu–Cl cycle

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Figure 2

Enthalpy change in hydrogen reaction

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Figure 3

Enthalpy of CuCl at varying temperatures

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Figure 4

Fault-tree of the (a) hydrogen and (b) electrochemical cell

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Figure 5

Fault-tree of the (a) hydrolysis and (b) oxygen reactor

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