Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Heat Transfer

Heat Transfer and Pressure Losses of W-Shaped Small Ribs at High Reynolds Numbers for Combustor Liner

[+] Author and Article Information
Tomoko Hagari, Takeo Oda, Yasushi Douura, Yasuhiro Kinoshita

 Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., 1-1 Kawasaki-cho, Akashi, Hyogo 673-8666, Japan

Katsuhiko Ishida1

 Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd., 1-1 Kawasaki-cho, Akashi, Hyogo 673-8666, Japanishida_katsuhiko@khi.co.jp


Corresponding author.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 133(9), 091901 (Apr 19, 2011) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4002878 History: Received May 05, 2010; Revised August 15, 2010; Published April 19, 2011; Online April 19, 2011

The present study investigates the heat transfer performance of W-shaped ribs in a rectangular channel with typical geometries and flow conditions for a combustor liner cooling passage. In order to assess the Reynolds number dependence on heat transfer enhancement by the ribs for the combustor cooling passage, experiments were conducted with channel Reynolds number ranging from 40,000 to 550,000. The ribs were located on one side of the channel and the rib height-to-hydraulic diameter ratio (e/Dh) was 0.006–0.014, which simulate the combustor liner cooling configurations. Rib pitch-to-height ratio (P/e) was 10. Rib-roughened copper plates with constant temperature were used to measure the averaged heat transfer coefficients. Measured results show that the heat transfer enhancements of about 3 were obtained over that of a flat plate at high Reynolds numbers for all cases. The slope of heat transfer coefficient becomes constant with increasing Reynolds number because of the laminar-turbulent transition around the ribs, which is considered to occur at Reynolds number based on rib height of about 1000. Pressure loss measurements showed that the friction coefficients are constantly 3–4.5 times higher than those of a flat plate for a fully turbulent flow such as a combustor cooling passage. Pressure loss by ribs seems not to have a significant impact to the overall combustor performance. Numerical calculations were conducted additionally for all test cases. Predicted amount of heat released from the ribs contributes about 40% of the overall heat release even for low ribs. Heat transfer on the rib surface is essential in the evaluation of the rib-roughened cooling passage.

Copyright © 2011 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 1

Schematic of the experimental setup

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Figure 3

Example of the test panel

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Figure 4

Computational domains

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Figure 5

Area-averaged Nusselt number of smooth channel

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Figure 6

Area-averaged Nusselt number for a range of dimensionless rib height

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Figure 7

Comparison of heat transfer enhancements

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Figure 8

Comparison of friction factors

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Figure 9

Comparison of Nusselt number based on the equivalent sand grain roughness of ribs

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Figure 10

Calculated velocity distribution at Reynolds number of 530,000

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Figure 11

Projected velocity vectors with normalized temperature distribution at Reynolds number of 530,000

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Figure 12

Streamline near the ribbed wall with heat transfer enhancement distribution at Reynolds number of 530,000

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Figure 13

Oil flow pattern on ribbed wall at Reynolds number of 530,000

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Figure 14

Heat transfer enhancement on ribbed wall at Reynolds number of 530,000

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Figure 15

Comparison of Nusselt number between numerical and experimental results



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