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Technical Briefs

Gas Turbine Gas Fuel Composition Performance Correction Using Wobbe Index

[+] Author and Article Information
Bryan Li

 GE Energy Services, Schenectady, NY 12306

Mike J. Gross

 GE Energy Services, Moreland Hills, OH 44022

Thomas P. Schmitt

 GE Energy Services, Billerica, MA 01821

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 133(10), 104501 (May 02, 2011) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4003453 History: Received July 16, 2010; Revised November 08, 2010; Published May 02, 2011; Online May 02, 2011

Gas turbine thermal performance is dependent on many external conditions, including fuel gas composition. Measured performance must be corrected to specified reference conditions prior to comparison against performance specifications. A performance correction for fuel composition is thus required. One current method of correction commonly used is to characterize fuel composition effects as a function of heating value and hydrogen to carbon ratio. This method has been used in the past within a limited range of fuel composition variation around the expected composition, yielding relatively small correction factors on the order of ±0.1%. With industry trends suggesting continued exposure of gas turbines to a broader range of fuels such as liquefied natural gas and synthesized low BTU fuel, the corresponding performance effects will be much larger. As a result, a more comprehensive correction methodology is required to encompass a broader range of fuel constituents encountered. Analytical studies have been completed with the aid of thermodynamic models to identify the extent to which the Wobbe index can be used to correlate the response of gas turbine performance parameters to fuel gas composition. Results suggest that improved performance test accuracy can be achieved by using the Wobbe index compared with the aforementioned conventional fuel characteristics. This proposed method remains compliant with intent of internationally accepted test codes such as ASME PTC-22, ASME PTC-46, and ISO 2314.

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Copyright © 2011 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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References

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 1

Example fuel gas composition correction curve for output based on LHV and H/C ratio

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 2

Example fuel gas composition correction curve for heat consumption based on LHV and H/C ratio

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Figure 3

Example fuel gas composition correction curve for output based on Wobbe index

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Figure 4

Fuel gas composition correction curve for output based on Wobbe index with lines of constant CO2

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