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Technical Briefs

The Port Width and Position Determination for Pressure-Exchange Ejector

[+] Author and Article Information
Wenjing Zhao

 School of Chemical Machinery Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning, 116024, Chinaforverjing@163.com

Dapeng Hu1

 School of Chemical Machinery Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning, 116024, Chinahudp@dlut.edu.cn

Peiqi Liu, Yuqiang Dai, Jiupeng Zou, Che Zhu, Jiaquan Zhao

 School of Chemical Machinery Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning, 116024, China

1

Corresponding author.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 134(6), 064502 (Apr 12, 2012) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4005982 History: Received September 02, 2011; Revised November 03, 2011; Published April 09, 2012; Online April 12, 2012

A pressure-exchange ejector transferring energy by compression and expansion waves has the potential for higher efficiency. The width and position of each port are essential in pressure-exchange ejector design. A dimensionless time τ expressing both port widths and the positions of port ends was introduced. A prototype was designed and the experimental system was set up. Many sets of experiment with different geometrical arrangements were conducted. The results suggest that the efficiency greatly changes with the geometrical arrangements. The efficiency is about 60% at proper port widths and positions, while at improper geometrical arrangements, the efficiency is much lower and the maximum deviation may reach about 20%. The proper dimensionless port widths and positions at different operating conditions are obtained. For a fixed overall pressure ratio, the widths of the high pressure flow inlet and middle pressure flow outlet increase as the outlet pressure increases and the low pressure flow inlet width is reduced with a larger outlet pressure. The middle pressure flow outlet (MO) opening end remains constant at different outlet pressures. The positions of the high pressure flow inlet (HI) closed end and the low pressure flow inlet (LI) open end increase with the elevation of outlet pressure, however, the distance between the HI closing end and the LI opening end is constant. The port widths and positions have a significant influence on the performance of the pressure-exchange ejector. The dimensionless data obtained are very valuable for pressure-exchange ejector design and performance optimization.

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Copyright © 2012 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental process and apparatus

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Figure 2

The isentropic efficiency at a different port ending position

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Figure 3

Port width at different pm (ph /pl  = 1.5)

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Figure 4

Port position at different pm (ph /pl  = 1.5)

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Figure 5

Port width at different pm (ph /pl  = 2.0)

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Figure 6

Port position at different pm (ph /pl  = 2.0)

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