Gas Turbines: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions

The Use of Perforated Damping Liners in Aero Gas Turbine Combustion Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Jochen Rupp1

 Department of Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University, United Kingdom

Jon Carrotte

 Department of Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University, United Kingdom

Michael Macquisten

 Rolls-Royce plc, Derby, United Kingdom


On secondment from Rolls-Royce plc.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 134(7), 071502 (May 23, 2012) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4005972 History: Received July 24, 2011; Revised August 12, 2011; Published May 23, 2012; Online May 23, 2012

This paper considers the use of perforated porous liners for the absorption of acoustic energy within aero style gas turbine combustion systems. The overall combustion system pressure drop means that the porous liner (or “damping skin”) is typically combined with a metering skin. This enables most of the mean pressure drop, across the flame tube, to occur across the metering skin with the porous liner being exposed to a much smaller pressure drop. In this way porous liners can potentially be designed to provide significant levels of acoustic damping, but other requirements (e.g., cooling, available space envelope, etc) must also be considered as part of this design process. A passive damper assembly was incorporated within an experimental isothermal facility that simulated an aero-engine style flame tube geometry. The damper was therefore exposed to the complex flow field present within an engine environment (e.g., swirling efflux from a fuel injector, coolant film passing across the damper surface, etc.). In addition, plane acoustic waves were generated using loudspeakers so that the flow field was subjected to unsteady pressure fluctuations. This enabled the performance of the damper, in terms of its ability to absorb acoustic energy, to be evaluated. To complement the experimental investigation a simplified one-dimensional (1D) analytical model was also developed and validated against the experimental results. In this way not only was the performance of the acoustic damper evaluated, but also the fundamental processes responsible for this measured performance could be identified. Furthermore, the validated analytical model also enabled a wide range of damping geometry to be assessed for a range of operating conditions. In this way damper geometry can be optimized (e.g., for a given space envelope) while the onset of nonlinear absorption (and hence the potential to ingest hot gas) can also be identified.

Copyright © 2012 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 1

Acoustic energy absorption by a single orifice [7]

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Figure 2

Measured linear and nonlinear absorption characteristic of a single orifice [7]

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Figure 3

Schematic of test facility

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Figure 4

Mean pressure distribution along damper surface

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Figure 5

Pressure amplitude mode shape example

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Figure 6

Comparison of measured reflection coefficients

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Figure 7

Reflection coefficients of various liner separations

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Figure 8

Schematic of analytical model

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Figure 9

Rayleigh conductivity model as in Howe [3]

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Figure 10

Cavity pressure ratio comparison between the experiment (Exp.) and the model

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Figure 11

Comparison between predicted and measured energy loss

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Figure 12

Normalized mode shape pressure amplitudes at various frequencies

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Figure 13

Comparison between experiment and modified model with pressure mode shape input function

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Figure 14

Cavity pressure ratio variation with liner separation, experiment with fuel injector

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Figure 15

Phase angle between cavity pressure amplitude and excitation pressure amplitude, experiment with fuel injector

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Figure 16

Unsteady velocity amplitudes with varying liner separation

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Figure 17

Normalized loss for varying damping skin mean pressure drop

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Figure 18

Cavity pressure ratio with varying damping skin mean pressure drop

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Figure 19

Estimate of pressure amplitude for hot gas ingestion




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