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Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Structures and Dynamics

Experimental and Numerical Studies on Nonlinear Dynamic Behavior of Rotor System Supported by Ball Bearings

[+] Author and Article Information
Changqing Bai

School of Aerospace, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, Chinabaichq@mail.xjtu.edu.cn

Hongyan Zhang

School of Science, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710064, China

Qingyu Xu

School of Aerospace, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 132(8), 082502 (May 28, 2010) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4000586 History: Received March 31, 2009; Revised October 05, 2009; Published May 28, 2010; Online May 28, 2010

Ball bearings are important mechanical components in high-speed turbomachinery that is liable for severe vibration and noise due to the inherent nonlinearity of ball bearings. Using experiments and the numerical approach, the nonlinear dynamic behavior of a flexible rotor supported by ball bearings is investigated in this paper. An experimental ball bearing-rotor test rig is presented in order to investigate the nonlinear dynamic performance of the rotor systems, as the speed is beyond the first synchroresonance frequency. The finite element method and two-degree-of-freedom dynamic model of a ball bearing are employed for modeling the flexible rotor system. The discrete model of a shaft is built with the aid of the finite element technique, and the ball bearing model includes the nonlinear effects of the Hertzian contact force, bearing internal clearance, and so on. The nonlinear unbalance response is observed by experimental and numerical analysis. All of the predicted results are in good agreement with experimental data, thus validating the proposed model. Numerical and experimental results show that the resonance frequency is provoked when the speed is about twice the synchroresonance frequency, while the subharmonic resonance occurs due to the nonlinearity of ball bearings and causes severe vibration and strong noise. The results show that the effect of a ball bearing on the dynamic behavior is noticeable in optimum design and failure diagnosis of high-speed turbomachinery.

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Copyright © 2010 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Experimental rig

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Figure 2

Sketch map of ball bearing-rotor system

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Figure 3

Experiment assembly of ball bearing-rotor system

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Figure 4

Geometry in ball bearing

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Figure 5

Amplitude of u2y versus rotational speed comparisons for prediction and experiment

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Figure 6

Waterfall map of frequency spectrums at different rotational speed; (a) experiment data and (b) numerical analysis results

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Figure 7

Comparisons for prediction and experiment at 8029 rpm; (a) orbit and (b) amplitude spectrums of disk center displacement in vertical direction

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