Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions

Combustion Assessment of a 50% Algae-Based HRD76 Fuel and 50% Conventional F76 Military Diesel Fuel Blend

[+] Author and Article Information
Matthew T. MacKinnon

Associate Combustion Engineer
Rolls-Royce Corporation,
Indianapolis, IN 46225
e-mail: matthew.mackinnon@rolls-royce.com

Jesse D. Shaw

Development Program Engineer
Rolls-Royce Naval Marine Inc.,
Indianapolis, IN 46241
e-mail: jesse.d.shaw@rolls-royce.com

Martin Quiñones

Emerging Technologies Technical Lead,
Naval Surface Warfare Center,
Philadelphia, PA 19112
e-mail: martin.quinones@navy.mil

Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received June 19, 2012; final manuscript received June 28, 2012; published online October 11, 2012. Editor: Dilip R. Ballal.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 134(12), 121501 (Oct 11, 2012) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4007324 History: Received June 19, 2012; Revised June 28, 2012

As part of the United States Navy green energy initiative, engineers at Rolls-Royce and NAVSEA conducted a combustion assessment for a blend of 50% algae-derived HRD76 biofuel and 50% conventional F76 military diesel. The assessment consisted of combustion rig testing with Rolls-Royce Model 501-K34 gas turbine combustion system hardware. Identical tests were performed with the biofuel blend and a baseline fuel consisting of 100% F76 military diesel. The test results quantified the impact of the alternative fuel blend on ignition, lean blow-out, combustor exit temperature profile, combustion system hardware temperatures, primary zone flame radiance, carbon deposition, and emissions. This paper discusses the methods and results of the combustion rig tests.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME
Topics: Combustion , Fuels , Biofuel , Carbon
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


MIL-DTL-16884L, 2002, “Detail Specification, Naval Distillate Fuel.”
MIL-PRF-7024E, 1990, “Performance Specification, Calibration Fluids, Aircraft Fuel System Components.”
ARP1256D, SAE Aerospeace Recommended Practice, 2011, “Procedure for the Continuous Sampling and Measurement of Gaseous Emissions from Aircraft Turbine Engines.”
ARP1533A, SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice, 2004, “Procedure for the Analysis and Evaluation of Gaseous Emissions from Aircraft Engines.”
ARP1179D, SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice, 2011, “Aircraft Gas Turbine Engine Exhaust Smoke Measurement.”


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Radiance measurement setup for performance test

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Final fuel nozzle carbon deposition conditions

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Fuel ignition performance results

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Fuel lean blow-out performance

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Fuel nozzle carbon deposition progression



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In