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Research Papers: Gas Turbines: Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions

Conceptual Mean-Line Design of Single and Twin-Shaft Oxy-Fuel Gas Turbine in a Semiclosed Oxy-Fuel Combustion Combined Cycle

[+] Author and Article Information
Majed Sammak

Division of Thermal Power Engineering,
Department of Energy Sciences,
Lund University,
SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
e-mail: majed.sammak@energy.lth.se

Egill Thorbergsson

e-mail: egill.thorbergsson@chalmers.se

Tomas Grönstedt

e-mail: tomas.gronstedt@chalmers.se
Division of Fluid Dynamics,
Department of Applied Mechanics,
Chalmers University,
SE- 412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden

Magnus Genrup

Division of Thermal Power Engineering,
Department of Energy Sciences,
Lund University,
SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden
e-mail: magnus.genrup@energy.lth.se

Contributed by the Combustion and Fuels Committee of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Manuscript received December 21, 2012; final manuscript received February 11, 2013; published online June 24, 2013. Editor: David Wisler.

J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power 135(8), 081502 (Jun 24, 2013) (8 pages) Paper No: GTP-12-1490; doi: 10.1115/1.4023886 History: Received December 21, 2012; Revised February 11, 2013

The aim of this study was to compare single- and twin-shaft oxy-fuel gas turbines in a semiclosed oxy-fuel combustion combined cycle (SCOC–CC). This paper discussed the turbomachinery preliminary mean-line design of oxy-fuel compressor and turbine. The conceptual turbine design was performed using the axial through-flow code luax-t, developed at Lund University. A tool for conceptual design of axial compressors developed at Chalmers University was used for the design of the compressor. The modeled SCOC–CC gave a net electrical efficiency of 46% and a net power of 106 MW. The production of 95% pure oxygen and the compression of CO2 reduced the gross efficiency of the SCOC–CC by 10 and 2 percentage points, respectively. The designed oxy-fuel gas turbine had a power of 86 MW. The rotational speed of the single-shaft gas turbine was set to 5200 rpm. The designed turbine had four stages, while the compressor had 18 stages. The turbine exit Mach number was calculated to be 0.6 and the calculated value of AN2 was 40 · 106 rpm2m2. The total calculated cooling mass flow was 25% of the compressor mass flow, or 47 kg/s. The relative tip Mach number of the compressor at the first rotor stage was 1.15. The rotational speed of the twin-shaft gas generator was set to 7200 rpm, while that of the power turbine was set to 4800 rpm. A twin-shaft turbine was designed with five turbine stages to maintain the exit Mach number around 0.5. The twin-shaft turbine required a lower exit Mach number to maintain reasonable diffuser performance. The compressor turbine was designed with two stages while the power turbine had three stages. The study showed that a four-stage twin-shaft turbine produced a high exit Mach number. The calculated value of AN2 was 38 · 106 rpm2m2. The total calculated cooling mass flow was 23% of the compressor mass flow, or 44 kg/s. The compressor was designed with 14 stages. The preliminary design parameters of the turbine and compressor were within established industrial ranges. From the results of this study, it was concluded that both single- and twin-shaft oxy-fuel gas turbines have advantages. The choice of a twin-shaft gas turbine can be motivated by the smaller compressor size and the advantage of greater flexibility in operation, mainly in the off-design mode. However, the advantages of a twin-shaft design must be weighed against the inherent simplicity and low cost of the simple single-shaft design.

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References

Figures

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Fig. 1

Principle flow scheme of SCOC–CC

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Fig. 2

Sovran and Klomp chart

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Fig. 3

Cooling effectiveness as function of dimensionless mass flow

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Fig. 4

Annulus of the conceptual design of the single-shaft SCOC–CC turbine

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Fig. 5

Annulus of the conceptual design of the single-shaft SCOC–CC compressor

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Fig. 6

Annulus of the conceptual design of the twin-shaft SCOC–CC turbine

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Fig. 7

Annulus of the conceptual design of the twin-shaft SCOC–CC compressor

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